Stalinist killers-record-breakers

Litwin

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GDL&Sweden
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left

agreed
do you think Stalinism was a leftist ideology?
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left

agreed
do you think Stalinism was a leftist ideology?

At the very least I know it [stalinism] is an inevitable symptom of left wing ideology
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left

agreed
do you think Stalinism was a leftist ideology?

At the very least I know it [stalinism] is an inevitable symptom of left wing ideology
how suit Stalinist Moskalification the left ideology ? which was in full speed from 1928 to 1991

Error | US Message Board - Political Discussion Forum
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

Google Översätt
is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left

agreed
do you think Stalinism was a leftist ideology?

At the very least I know it [stalinism] is an inevitable symptom of left wing ideology
how suit Stalinist Moskalification the left ideology ? which was in full speed from 1928 to 1991

Error | US Message Board - Political Discussion Forum
No offense but not getting it, hard to understand bro
 
i posted already one of them Blokhin...here came 6 more butchers ...
Сталинские палачи-рекордсмены | Блог Толкователя
sorry for google translate, but still
Stalin's hangmen-record-breakers
02/07/2013


Stalinists and Soviet patriots undeservedly silent about another type of "Stakhanovites" - the executioners of the NKVD. Among them there are real record-breakers: General Vasily Blokhin personally shot 20 thousand people, Peter Maggo - 10 thousand. Most of the executioners died with their death, are buried with honors and are still honored by the siloviki.

Speaking about Stalin's repression, most often mention only the Gulag. However, he was only a part of the repressive machine. Hundreds of thousands of people before the Gulag did not survive, ending their way in the execution rooms or test sites. The NKVD (later the MGB) debugged the system of shootings, which worked like a machine.

The scale of this system is amazing. So, at the peak of repression, in 1937 353.074 people were shot - that is, almost 1 thousand a day. In 1938 it was 328.618. Further, the number of executions fell sharply (in 1939 - 2,552, 1940 - 1649, 1950 - 1609, approximately at this level until Stalin's death was the annual number of people sentenced to the WMN). Nevertheless, the firing cases of masters and in those years, the work was enough - it was necessary to execute tens of thousands of Polish officers (Katyn, Kalinin), then deserters during the Second World War.

The overwhelming number of executions (up to 60%) was conducted in Moscow, after short interrogations and imprisonment in the Lubyanka and an immediate extrajudicial verdict of the "troika". Therefore, the "Stakhanovites" of the NKVD were also working mainly in the capital. Their circle was limited - to the whole of Moscow, only 10-15 people. Such a small number of executioners was not explained by the fact that it was difficult to find these duties, but because the real executioner had to be a master of his business: to have a steady psyche (below it will be described how the psyche broke even in the case of experienced Stakhanovites), professional skills, secrecy even the closest relatives of the executioners did not know what constituted their work in the NKVD), dedication to the cause.



(The NKVD firing squad)

One of these masters, a real record-holder - Vasily Mikhailovich Blokhin. During his long working career, Major-General Blokhin personally shot about 20,000 people. Two other prize-winners - Pyotr Ivanovich Maggo and SN Nadaraya - were left with a big margin: only about 10,000 shot each.

Vasily Ivanovich was born in 1895 in the family of a poor peasant in the Vladimir region. At the age of 15 he began to work as a bricklayer in Moscow, in the First World Road to a non-commissioned officer. Since 1921 - in the Cheka. In the rank of commandant of the OGPU-NKVD-MGB - since 1926, and the permanent commander of executions until retirement in 1953. Without a break from production in 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Architecture and Construction Institute. Those. became an intellectual.

Work at Blokhin was difficult: in fact, he was the only one of the firing squad in about 15 torturers to live in good health until retirement. Perhaps, because he always observed safety at work and did not drink at work.

One of the executioners Emelyanov recalled: "Of course, they drank vodka until they lost consciousness. Whatever you say, but the work was not easy. Tired so hard that sometimes they could hardly stand on their feet. A cologne washed. To the waist. Otherwise, you can not get rid of the smell of blood and gunpowder. Even the dogs shied away from us, and if they barked, then from afar
s transferred by the camp commander to Karelia, in 1940 he died of a heart attack, but was buried with honors in Moscow at the Novodevichy Cemetery.



The Raevsky executioner (shot about 300 people) was arrested with the authorization of LP Beria as "one of the leaders of a counter-revolutionary insurgent organization that existed among the campers on Solovki Island," was serving a sentence in Unzhlag, where he was in charge of the detention center at the penalty point. After Khrushchev's rehabilitation he was reinstated as a lieutenant-colonel. The Executioner of Colleagues, who also took part in this case and was eventually shot, was rehabilitated in 1959.

All these hangmen today are also considered "victims of Stalin's repression." Someone is brought into the halls of fame of the FSB (mainly in the regions).
. "



(Vasily Blokhin)

It's no wonder that the performers died early, or they went insane. So, died in 1931, Yusis, in 1941 - Maggo, in 1942 - Vasily Shigalov, and his brother Ivan Shigalov - in 1944. Many retired on retirement, having received a disability due to schizophrenia - like Emelyanov, or neuropsychic illness - Mach. The order to dismiss Emelyanov and said: "Comrade. Emelyanov transferred to retirement on the occasion of illness (schizophrenia), associated exclusively with long-term operational work in the organs. "

A Peter Ivanovich Maggo once, having shot about 20 people, so went into a rage that he shouted at the next to the head of a special department of Popov, confusing the one with another victim: "Why are you standing here? Undress! Immediately! And then I'll shoot it on the spot! "The frightened individual could barely break away from the fanatic of his business.

Somehow, Maggo came from his immediate boss, ID Berg. Referring to Maggo, Berg pointed out in a written report that many of the condemned die with the words: "Long live Stalin!" The resolution of the leadership was this: "We must conduct educational work among those sentenced to be shot so that they do not blame the leader's name at such an inopportune moment!" It was necessary for Peter Ivanovich to read some lectures before the execution.



(Maggo is buried in the Novodevichye cemetery, from time to time someone is writing on his tomb the inscription "executioner"),

How can one not get sick from such work?

But Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was previously dressed in front of the execution in the appropriate leather uniform - an apron below the knee, leggings and a cap. He loved to shoot and after a leisurely drink of tea. He also loved horses since childhood (he worked as a shepherd for a child of 10 years), and in the intervals between work he examined illustrated books about them. After his death, there remained a library of about 700 books on horse breeding. Man was able to relax.

By the way, it was Blokhin who directed the execution in Katyn, and personally he shot about 700 Poles there.

In 1991, during interrogation in the General Military Prosecutor's Office of the USSR, one of the members of this firing squad, former head of the NKVD in the Kalinin region, Tokarev, said:

"Yablokov (investigator): If I understand correctly, Polish prisoners of war were shot from the" Walters ". Yes?

Tokarev: From the Walters. I know it well, since they brought a whole suitcase. This was led by Blokhin himself. He gave pistols, and when the work was over, the pistols were taken away. Blokhin himself took it. "

Vasily Ivanovich Blokhin was buried in 1955 at the Novodevichy Cemetery. In the same place, in honorable places, other Stalinist executioners (including Maggo's prize-winner) are buried. True, after the arrest of Beria Blokhin was deprived of the rank of major general and 8 orders, as well as a pension of 3,150 rubles (the average salary in the country was then 700 rubles). Blokhin could not withstand such "repressions" and died of a heart attack. In the late 1960s he was posthumously awarded the title and the Order, actually rehabilitated.



(Grave of veteran Vasily Blokhin)

The shooting was indeed a kind of art. Peter Maggo so taught inexperienced butchers:

"The one you lead to shoot, the hands are necessarily connected behind the wire. Tell him to follow forward, and himself, with a revolver in his hand, behind him. Where necessary, you command "to the right", "to the left", until you bring to the place where sawdust or sand is harvested. There it was blowing to the back of the head and trrrah! And at the same time you give a strong kick in the ass. So that the blood does not splatter his tunic and that his wife does not have to wash it again. "

But the description of the above-mentioned Tokarev shooting Polish officers under Kalinin, April 5, 1940:

"Blokhin signaled, saying:" Well, let's go, let's begin. " Blokhin put his special clothes on: a brown leather hat, a long leather cloak, brown leather gloves, with sleeves above the elbow. For me it was a great impression - I saw the executioner.

Blokhin and Rubanov led people one by one, through the corridor, turned to the left, where there was a red room. There were various propaganda posters, there was a plaster statue of Lenin. The red room or the Lenin room was a room measuring 5 by 5 meters. Here, for the last time, the identity of the prisoner was checked, asking about his name and date of birth. Then marked in the list so that there was no mistake.

Finally, a Polish officer or policeman was handcuffed and taken to the "cell of execution." Here the life of a prisoner ended in a shot at the back of the head. Experienced executioners shot at the neck, holding the trunk obliquely upward. Then there was the likelihood that the bullet would exit through the eye or mouth. Then there will be only a little blood, while a bullet fired at the back of the head leads to profuse bleeding (more than one liter of blood flows out). And they killed at least 250 people a day.

The dead bodies were thrown out of the cell where the murders took place, through the emergency doors to the courtyard where the truck was waiting. Every day the bodies of cars were laundered from fragments of the brain and blood. Corpses (25-30 per car) were covered with tarpaulins, which Blokhin at the end of the "operation" ordered to burn. The bodies, thrown into cars, were transported to common trenches, in a forest near Mednoe. These trenches were buried by the NKVD-ist, the operator of the Antonov excavator, with his assistant.

When all the Ostashkov prisoners were already destroyed, Blokhin arranged a farewell drink for those who killed more than 6,300 people. Blokhin received an award in the amount of a monthly salary. Someone as a prize was given an award-winning revolver, a bicycle, a gramophone. "

As already mentioned above, after the death of Stalin, the repression of the executioners was hardly touched. The most affected is Nadaraya. He rose to the head of the personal guard LP Beria. The universal specialist - personally conducted the investigation, and personally shot. Differed high labor productivity - up to 500 "executed" per night. In 1955 he received 10 years of camps. He was released in 1965, after which he peacefully lived in Georgia as a pensioner.



But the executioners of less rank (only a few hundred with their own hands shot), used to end up also shooting. Indicative here is the fate of the NKVDshnikov, who participated in the mass execution of the so-called. "Solovetsky stage" in the Karelian town of Sandarmokh (about 2 thousand corpses) in October 1937.

The shootings began on October 27, then there was a break for four days, because the chief executioner Matveyev drank, upset because of the escape of one prisoner (he was soon caught and shot). On November 1, the shootings resumed and continued until November 4. At the end of the operation, some executioners were awarded, others (already in December, a month later) were arrested.

For example, the decree on the NKVDD LO of December 20, 1937 "For" selfless work to combat counterrevolution "was awarded a valuable gift, namely - radio with records - the main killer of the Solovetsky stage Matveyev; The other members of the operative team, who worked with Matveyev, were awarded with Korovin's pistols and a watch.

Most of the employees who participated in or were involved in the execution of the Solovetsky stage were arrested and transferred to Moscow. They were: the head of the 10th (prison department) of the GUGB of the NKVD of the USSR Muscovite Nikolai (Luka) Antonov-Grisyuk; another Muscovite, senior major of state security, deputy. People's Commissar of Water Transport Weinstock Yakov Markovich. Arrested specially for the operation from Karlag the chief of the 2nd department of Karaganda ITL Krukovsky Vsevolod Mikhailovich; was arrested and brought to Moscow by the prosecutor of the Leningrad region, a member of the troika Posern BP. All of them were convicted in Moscow, shot and delivered for cremation to the Don Krema as spies and saboteurs. It is interesting that the same Vasily Mihailovich Blokhin fired at them, who were once his co-workers.



(Reference to the corpses, signed by Blokhin)

All these NKVD officers, who were themselves executioners, were rehabilitated in different years.

The main executor of the shooting of the Solovetsky stage in Sandormoch, Matveyev, with the authorization of LP Beria, in a year and a half, in March 1939, was still arrested (the so-called "Beria cleansing the ranks").

The fate of Matveyev, unlike many other Solovki executioners, was formed safely. He was convicted by the Military Tribunal of the NKVD of the Leningrad Military District under Art. 193-17 "a" of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for 10 years ITL. But when the case was reconsidered by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the term was reduced to 3 years. Awards were not denied. He served his sentence in the Volgolag, and was also released ahead of schedule.

During the war, he already held the post of chief of the internal prison of the UNKGB; to his former awards was added the Order of Lenin. Sometimes he returned to his profession - he shot the condemned. He died his death already under Brezhnev.

Another Solovki executioner Garin (about 400 personally executed) in the spring of 1938 wa

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is there anything more disgusting than communism? next up, the pol pot killing fields...and both secular which explains the lack of venom by the left

agreed
do you think Stalinism was a leftist ideology?

At the very least I know it [stalinism] is an inevitable symptom of left wing ideology
how suit Stalinist Moskalification the left ideology ? which was in full speed from 1928 to 1991

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No offense but not getting it, hard to understand bro

is it description of left or rightist politic ?


"By the late 1930s, however, there was a notable policy shift. Purges in some of the national regions, such as Ukraine, had occurred already in the early 1930s. Before the turnabout in Ukraine in 1933, a purge of Veli Ibrahimov and his leadership in the Crimean ASSR in 1929 for "national deviation" led to Russianization of government, education, and the media and to the creation of a special alphabet for Crimean Tatar to replace the Latin alphabet.[22] Of the two dangers that Joseph Stalin had identified in 1923, now bourgeois nationalism (local nationalism) was said to be a greater threat than Great Russian chauvinism (great power chauvinism). In 1937, Faizullah Khojaev and Akmal Ikramov were removed as leaders of the Uzbek SSR and in 1938, during the third great Moscow show trial, convicted and subsequently put to death for alleged anti-Soviet nationalist activities.

After Stalin, a Russified Georgian, became undisputed leader of the Soviet Union, the Russian language gained greater emphasis. In 1938, Russian became a required subject of study in every Soviet school, including those in which a non-Russian language was the principal medium of instruction for other subjects (e.g., mathematics, science, and social studies). In 1939, non-Russian languages that had been given Latin-based scripts in the late 1920s were given new scripts based on the Cyrillic script. One likely rationale for these decisions was the sense of impending war and that Russian was the language of command in the Red Army."
 
is it description of left or rightist politic ?
not sure what your question is trying to convey...my claim is that communism is a product of left wing [liberal] ideology, it is political correctness personified
my point is that KOba acted as as a rightist dictator at least from 1928...
when I get the chance I will read your post in its entirety because I cannot be sure what it is that I am addressing.
 
is it description of left or rightist politic ?
not sure what your question is trying to convey...my claim is that communism is a product of left wing [liberal] ideology, it is political correctness personified
my point is that KOba acted as as a rightist dictator at least from 1928...
when I get the chance I will read your post in its entirety because I cannot be sure what it is that I am addressing.

you can read it as well :
Moskalification (Russification) in USSR, What is Stalinism , right or left original mixed afroasian
 
Many Western European government's wish that they could do the same. Especially the British.
even Today ? when people know about Berg, Blokhin, Kurapaty, GULAG, etc.?

Yes. In Western Europe, the powers that control governments, demand ever more penetrating control over people. They use the Stalinist playbook directly, starting with the phrase that you must be punished to protect the public interest.
 
Many Western European government's wish that they could do the same. Especially the British.
even Today ? when people know about Berg, Blokhin, Kurapaty, GULAG, etc.?

Yes. In Western Europe, the powers that control governments, demand ever more penetrating control over people. They use the Stalinist playbook directly, starting with the phrase that you must be punished to protect the public interest.

Don't feed him by stories about murders... He remembers them only for justification of murders of civilians at Ukraine now.
 
Yet Americas worst President FDR loved and adored his "Uncle Joe" BECAUSE he would do whatever was necessary to make the State all powerful
 
Many Western European government's wish that they could do the same. Especially the British.
even Today ? when people know about Berg, Blokhin, Kurapaty, GULAG, etc.?

Yes. In Western Europe, the powers that control governments, demand ever more penetrating control over people. They use the Stalinist playbook directly, starting with the phrase that you must be punished to protect the public interest.
the west is not even close to the Stalinist madness. its terrible towards the victims when you compere these 2 political systems

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