Under the direction of Mao, it is reported that horrible forms of torture and killing took place. Victims had a red-hot metal object rammed into the anus and that there were many cases of their stomachs being cut open, and their hearts removed. A confidential report found that a quarter of the entire Red Army under Mao at the time was slaughtered, often after being tortured. The estimated number of the victims amounted to 'tens of thousands' and could be as high as 186,000. Critics accuse Mao's authority in Jiangxi of being secured and reassured through the revolutionary terrorism, or red terrorism. Along with land reform, there were also campaigns of mass repression and public executions targeting alleged counter-revolutionaries (Zhen Fan), such as former Kuomintang officials, businessmen, former employees of Western companies, intellectuals whose loyalty was suspect, and significant numbers of rural gentry. The U.S. State department in 1976 estimated that there may have been a million killed in the land reform, 800,000 killed in the Zhen Fan campaign. Mao himself claimed that a total of 700,000 people were executed during the years 194953. However, because there was a policy to select "at least one landlord, and usually several, in virtually every village for public execution", the number of deaths range between 2 million and 5 million. In addition, at least 1.5 million people were sent to "reform through labour" camps. Mao played a personal role in ordering these mass executions. He defended these killings as necessary for the securing of power. The Hundred Flowers movement led to the condemnation, silencing, and death of many citizens, also linked to Mao's Anti-Rightist Movement, with death tolls possibly in the millions. Mao Zedong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Anita Dunn- Obama Science Czar In 1947, when Mao Tse Tung was being challenged within his own party on his plan to basically take China over, Chiang Kai Shek and the nationalist Chinese held the cities that had the army. They had the airport. They had everything on their side, and people said, How can you win? How can you do this? How can you do this, against all the odds against you? And Mao Tse Tung said, You know, you fight your war, and I'll fight mine. And think about that for a second, Dunn told the students. You don't have to accept the definition of how to do things, and you don't have to follow other people's choices and paths, Okay? It is about your choices and your path. You fight your own war. You lay out your own path. You figure out what's right for you. You don't let external definitions define how good you are internally. You fight your war. You let them fight theirs. Everybody has their own path. Barack Obama "To avoid being mistaken for a sellout, I chose my friends carefully. The more politically active black students. The foreign students. The Chicanos. The Marxist professors and structural feminists." Cass Sunstein "The absence of a European-style social welfare state is certainly connected with the widespread perception among the white majority that the relevant programs would disproportionately benefit African Americans (and more recently Hispanics)..." Carol Browner She is one of 14 leaders of Socialist International's, "Commission for a Sustainable World Society," which calls for "global governance." American Thinker: Ship of Fools: Obama's Intimates and Advisors While I won't go any further, I find anyone who supports a regime such as Mao's that was responsible for millions of deaths, and a style of Govt. that during the 20th Century cause untold millions to suffer and to die horrible deaths at the very least misguided and at the most quite unaware of what they are talking about. It would appear that while not calling the President himself a marxist, it does appear he has surrounded himself with a whole host of people that not only see murderer's like Che, and Mao and Lenin to be some sort of hero's but would advocate a similar style of Govt. in this nation even though history has shown over and over what a disaster those forms of Govt. lead too. If your one of those people that support this style of Govt. then prehaps it's time you took a moment and read a little bit about the 70 plus million that died under Mao's regime, and the 30 plus million that died under communist controlled Russia and then take a moment to pause before you advocate for the same thing here.