Note - This post is from the religion forum. NewGuy, I have two issues with your post. 1. The Supreme's Court authority under the Constitution. Obviously, the Supreme Court is established by the Constitution, and derives its power from that document. Article III, Section I, states: The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution..." In other words, any constitutional issue, where the intent of a law or executive order/regulation is thought to be contradictory to the Constitution, the judicial branch (and ultimately SCOTUS) has jurisdiction. Therefore, the judicial branch/SCOTUS may from time to time put out rulings about how far the right to free speech, or the powers of Congress, or the Equal protection clause goes. That is part of their jurisdiction, as set forth in Article III. 2. Amending the Constitution. I think we were about to get into this before you got sick. Again, I refer to Article V, which states: "The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate." Nowhere is there mention taht the Constitution may only be amended to clarify; the Founders clearly allowed for actual changes in the Constitution to take place.