Weather warfare Rarely acknowledged in the debate on global climate change, the worlds weather can now be modified as part of a new generation of sophisticated electromagnetic weapons. Both the US and Russia have developed capabilities to manipulate the climate for military use. Weather-modification, according to the US Air Force document AF 2025 Final Report, offers the war fighter a wide range of possible options to defeat or coerce an adversary, capabilities, it says, extend to the triggering of floods, hurricanes, droughts and earthquakes: Weather modification will become a part of domestic and international security and could be done unilaterally It could have offensive and defensive applications and even be used for deterrence purposes. The ability to generate precipitation, fog and storms on earth or to modify space weather and the production of artificial weather all are a part of an integrated set of [military] technologies. Weather manipulation is the pre-emptive weapon par excellence. It can be directed against enemy countries or friendly nations without their knowledge, used to destabilise economies, ecosystems and agriculture. It can also trigger havoc in financial and commodity markets. The disruption in agriculture creates a greater dependency on food aid and imported grain staples from the US and other Western countries.