Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections a state violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution whenever it makes the affluence of the voter or payment of any fee an electoral standard. Voter qualifications have no relation to wealth. Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Crawdford v. Marion Country Board of Elections "The relevant burdens here are those imposed on eligible voters who lack photo identification cards that comply with SEA 483. Because Indianas cards are free, the inconvenience of going to the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, gathering required documents, and posing for a photograph does not qualify as a substantial burden on most voters right to vote, or represent a significant increase over the usual burdens of voting. The severity of the somewhat heavier burden that may be placed on a limited number of personse.g., elderly persons born out-of-state, who may have difficulty obtaining a birth certificateis mitigated by the fact that eligible voters without photo identification may cast provisional ballots that will be counted if they execute the required affidavit at the circuit court clerks office. Even assuming that the burden may not be justified as to a few voters, that conclusion is by no means sufficient to establish petitioners right to the relief they seek." Crawford v. Marion County Election Board - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 24th Amendment Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Okay here is my question, given the court in 2008 ruled that the Indiana standard for Voter ID does not place a burden on the voter because the ID's are Free, if a voter who seek's an ID for the purpose of voting pays any fee's to get that ID, such as costs to get a Birth Certificate, Proof of Citizenship, address, etc. then they are paying a fee to do so, and thus under Harper and the 24th Amendment are they not paying a Poll Tax? If however the entire process were free to those who wished to vote, and those ID's were Free, for example when a person registered to vote and the voter registration card was the picture ID and was free, then that would itself be well within a states rights to require of a voter no matter what the reason. It is a stretch at best to use a "fraud" standard as a sole basis for this standard and to advocate for it simply on the basis that ID's are required for other aspects of life such as cashing a check etc. are baseless in that none of these are protected under the constitution. Yes, a state can set standards for elections as long as they do not conflict with Federal law, and it would in my humble opinion seem that these Voter ID Laws, as long as they require an individual to pay any fee to aquire these ID's are placing a poll tax on those persons for the purpose of voting.