What was the original intent of the founders who signed off on this phrase: "... or abridging the freedom of speech"? [Abridge: to What historical antecedents existed to influence the founders to singularly protect 'speech' and provide protection for the written word to the press, only? How can the Congress pass laws which restrict any utterances if this phrase is taken literally as the original intent of the framers? Thomas Jefferson in a letter to James Madison on Aug. 28, 1789 wrote, " "...the following alternations and additions would have pleased me. The people shall not be deprived or abridged of their right to speak to write or otherwise to publish any thing but false facts affecting injuriously the life, property, of reputation of others or affecting the peace of the confederacy with foreign nations.' "