<blockquote>UNDER the successive presidencies of Ronald Reagan and George Bush, the USA sold nuclear, chemical and biological weapons technology to Saddam Hussein. In the early 1990s, UN inspectors told the US Senate committee on banking, housing and urban affairs which oversees American export policy that they had identified many US-manufactured items exported pursuant of licences issued by the US department of commerce that were used to further Iraqs chemical and nuclear weapons development and missile delivery system development programmes. In 1992, the committee began investigating US chemical and biological warfare-related dual-use exports to Iraq. It found that 17 individual shipments totalling some 80 batches of biomaterial were sent to Iraq during the Reagan years. These included two batches of anthrax and two batches of botulism being sent to the Iraqi ministry of higher education on May 2, 1986; one batch each of salmonella and E.Coli sent to the Iraqi state company for drug industries on August 31, 1987. Other shipments from the US went to the Iraqi Atomic Energy Commission on July 11, 1988; the department of biology at the University of Basra in November 1989; the department of microbiology at Baghdad University in June 1985; the ministry of health in April 1985 and Officers City military complex in Baghdad in March and April 1986. As well as anthrax and botulism, the USA also sent West Nile fever, brucella melitensis, which damages major organs, and clostridium perfringens, which causes gas gangrene. The shipments even went on after Saddam ordered the gassing of the Kurdish town of Halabja, in which some 5000 people died, in March 1988. The chairman of the Senate committee, Don Riegle, said: The executive branch of our government approved 771 different export licences for sale of dual-use technology to Iraq. I think its a devastating record. Other items which were sent by the US to Iraq included chemical warfare agent precursors, chemical warfare agent production facility plans and technical drawings, chemical warfare filling equipment, biological warfare-related materials, missile fabrication equipment and missile system guidance equipment.</blockquote> The article may be found <a href=http://www.sundayherald.com/print42647>here</a>, at the "<i>Sunday Herald</i>" online edition website.