1.The Census Bureau represents about 30% of the black population as poor. But poverty of today differs from poverty of yesteryear. Not material poverty, but behavioral or spiritual poverty. The former is a money measure, defined as $20,444 for an urban family of four. The latter refers to conduct and values that prevent the development of healthy families, a work ethic, and self-sufficiency. a. The absence of those values virtually guarantees pathological lifestyles that include drug and alcohol addictions, crime, violence, incarceration, illegitimacy, single-parent households, dependency, and erosion of any work ethic. Walter E. Williams, "Race & Economics," chapter one. 2. Material poverty is hardly an issue....certainly not as far as food. a. “As Table P shows, consumption of essential vitamins and minerals among both high- and low-income pre- school children also generally exceed USDA standards, often by more than 50 percent.” "Food Fight", by Robert Rector, Policy Review, September 1991, pp. 38-43 b. “For most Americans, the word “poverty” suggests near destitution: an inability to provide nutritious food, clothing, and reasonable shelter for one’s family. However, only a small number of the 46 million persons classified as “poor” by the Census Bureau fit that description. 96 percent of poor parents stated that their children were never hungry at any time during the year because they could not afford food. c. 83 percent of poor families reported having enough food to eat. d. 82 percent of poor adults reported never being hungry at any time in the prior year due to lack of money for food.” Understanding Poverty in the United States: Poverty USA 3. Money measures of poverty seriously understate income, because they omit in-kind transfers, such as food stamps, medical and housing assistance. a. “For example, the poor tend to underreport income to the Census, perhaps because they fear it will be reported to the IRS. Consequently, Census figures on income relative to spending indicate that the poor spend $1.94 for every dollar of reported income.” Casualties of the War on Poverty | The Freeman | Ideas On Liberty You got some 'splainin' to do, Lucy.