Eastern Philosophy

Discussion in 'Philosophy' started by yiostheoy, Jul 8, 2017.

  1. yiostheoy
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    yiostheoy Gold Member

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    Whereas Western Philosophy was born in ancient Greece in the 8th Century BCE with Hesiod and his doctrine of "moderation in all things", Eastern Philosophy was born in ancient China in the 4th Century BCE with Laozi and his Tao Te Ching for which the fundamental principles included the 3 treasures of "moderation, compassion, and humility".

    Wiki has a great summary:

    Taoism - Wikipedia
     
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  2. yiostheoy
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    yiostheoy Gold Member

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    Has anyone here studied Eastern Philosophy?

    Michael Wood in his latest production on the Origin Of China which PBS is showing now briefly mentions it.

    Confucianism modified Taoism in the 8th Century A.D. but Taoism largely remained the same, only with more civic responsibilities spelled out.
     
  3. Pogo
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    Pogo Diamond Member

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    I find profound wisdom in the Tao. Profound.

    Alan Watts has many good lectures that can be found on YouTube.
     
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  4. yiostheoy
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    yiostheoy Gold Member

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    It seems quite coincidental that both Chinese and Greek ancient Philosophy are so similar in terms or ethics and values.
     
  5. fncceo
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    fncceo Gold Member

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    I never understood the philosophy of the East ...

    [​IMG]
     
  6. there4eyeM
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    there4eyeM unlicensed metaphysician

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    The emphasis of Eastern thought is on the 'oneness' of the universe. Concentrating on the pieces, as in Western concepts, achieves some limited goals, but translates finally into confusion and dispersion.
     
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  7. Pogo
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    A characterization very much like a comparison of right and left brain hemispheres, respectively.

    We in the latter seem to lean to the Yang and see these as competitors, rather than complements.
     
  8. task0778
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    task0778 Gold Member Gold Supporting Member Supporting Member

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    There are quite a number of eastern philosophies, many of which pre-date Taoism. All of which are worth some study, as are some so-called ancient western philosophies too. Paganism for example.
     
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  9. Pogo
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    "Paganism" isn't a philosophy. It's just a catch-all term for basic unstructured traditions. It literally means "country dweller". Something like "bumpkin" or "hick", i.e. a person who hasn't yet savored the enlightenment that is ass-umed by the user of the term. It's an exercise in elitism, or if you like, an exercise of arrogance..

    "Heathen" is the same thing, only more specific in what kind of country the degraded person inhabits based on its natural flora.

    The "paganistic", i.e. ancient traditional motifs of Europe, which are probably the ones we know best and to which the term is generally applied, had a much more wholistic and animisitc world view, and as such yes are worthy of deeper examination.

    Arguably these were chased away, buried and sent to the despised class of "paganism" with the advent of monotheism and the concept of a male god, a concept which, if we think about it, is absurd.
     
    Last edited: Jul 9, 2017
  10. yiostheoy
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    yiostheoy Gold Member

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    A major difference between Eastern and Western philosophies is this notion of unity in the East versus individualism in the West.

    I tend to attribute this to the population situation in the East -- which has always been very crowded throughout all history -- versus in the West where there has always been more room for the family farm with extensive fields and more space.

    The geography of Asia has always been compressive whereas Europe was an empty place that got moved into by waves of migrants from the Middle East and from Eastern Europe moving further west.
     

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