The 4th CJ of the United States, and the greatest Justice and legal minds of all time, IMO, was born on this day, Sept. 24, in 1755. John Marshall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia He served 35 years, all as CJ, just shy of William O. Douglas' tenure of 36 years. The most famous decisions he penned were Marbury v. Madison, 1803, and Barron v. Baltimore, 1833. Barron was an incorporation case where Marshall declined to apply the Bill of Rights to the states, but now most are incorporated. When I was in Richmond, VA, I toured Hollywood cemetery where John Tyler, James Monroe and Jefferson Davis are buried, toured the White House of the Confederacy, but did not get the opportunity to tour his historic home or visit his gravesite.