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Hezbollah : Past, Present and Future attacks on Israel

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Hezbollah has been a threat to Israel on the Northern border. For decades it has been a proxy of Iran in its attempt to destroy Israel.

It is clear that Hezbollah is preparing for another war with Israel, and it is also clear that Israel is doing its best to avoid that.

Here is some of the past history of Hezbollah. I will be posting past and present events as they have happened or as they will happen.

To have an idea of the history between Hezbollah's involvement in the war against Israel and where it comes from, readers will find bellow a history of it to familiarize themselves.

Milestones in Hezbollah’s History


1943: After twenty-three years as a French mandate, Lebanon gains independence. Its new leaders sign the National Pact, which creates a government system dividing power among the major religious groups.
1970
1971: The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) relocates its headquarters from Jordan to Lebanon.
1983: In April, Beirut’s U.S. embassy is bombed, killing 63 people. In October, suicide attacks on barracks housing U.S. and French troops kill 305 people. A U.S. court decides Hezbollah is behind the attacks.

1975–1990: Lebanon’s civil war rages as the country’s religious, political, and ethnic sects vie for control, leading to invasions by Israel and Syria and the involvement of the United States and other Western forces, as well as the United Nations.

1980
1984: A car bombing attributed to Hezbollah kills dozens of people at the U.S. embassy annex in Beirut.
1985: Hezbollah releases its first manifesto.
1992: In March, the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires is bombed in an attack attributed to Hezbollah. Later this year, Hassan Nasrallah becomes Hezbollah’s secretary-
general after Israeli forces assassinate his predecessor. Hezbollah wins eight seats in Parliament after participating in national elections for the first time.
1989: Lebanon’s parliamentarians meet in Taif, Saudi Arabia, and sign an agreement to end the civil war and grant Syria guardianship over Lebanon. The agreement also orders all militias except for Hezbollah to disarm.

1994: Car bombings at Israel’s London embassy and a Buenos Aires Jewish community center are attributed to Hezbollah.
1997: The United States designates Hezbollah a foreign terrorist organization.

2000
2005: Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri is assassinated. His death, attributed to Syria, kick-starts the Cedar Revolution. A UN tribunal later implicates Hezbollah in Hariri’s death.
2006: Hezbollah abducts two Israeli soldiers, sparking a monthlong war with Israel that leaves more than one thousand Lebanese and fifty Israelis dead.
2009: Hezbollah releases an updated manifesto that expresses more openness to the democratic process.

2010
2011: Syria descends into civil war. Hezbollah eventually sends thousands of fighters to support Bashar al-Assad’s regime.
2012: A suicide bombing targeting a bus carrying Israeli tourists in Bulgaria kills six people. The European Union blames Hezbollah.
2013: The EU designates Hezbollah’s armed wing a terrorist organization after considerable debate among the bloc’s members.
2018: Israel discovers miles of tunnels into Israel from southern Lebanon that it says belong to Hezbollah.
2019: Economic woes trigger mass protests calling for the political elite, including Hezbollah, to give up power. Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns.

2020
2020: Hezbollah vows revenge after a U.S. drone strike kills Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Solemaini. Later this year, a top judge begins investigating officials tied to Hezbollah in relation to explosions at a Beirut port that kill hundreds.
 

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Israel’s downing of three drones on Saturday illustrates the growing nexus of Iran-Hezbollah threats in the region – and specifically the Lebanese terrorist organization’s escalating attempts to target gas platforms off the coast of Israel.


Over the last several years, Iran has rapidly expanded its drone program and encouraged its proxies in the region to develop their own drone technology. These drones are often kamikaze ones, meaning they have a warhead and are designed to fly into their target. The drone threat against Israel has emerged slowly, in stages, over the last several years. Hezbollah has been using drones for many years, but they are increasingly more sophisticated and the threat is growing.


Back in 2014, the Center for the Study of the Drone at Bard College detailed some of the past history of these threats.

The article by Dan Gettinger and Arthur Holland Michel noted that “much of Hamas and Hezbollah’s unmanned technology derives from or originated in Iran, which has maintained an active military drone program since the Iran-Iraq War.”


It notes that back in 2004 an “Iranian-made drone operated by Hezbollah managed to fly in Israeli airspace for five minutes before it crashed into the Mediterranean sea. The 2.9 meter long UAV was not picked up on Israeli radars.


 A drone is seen at an underground site at an undisclosed location in Iran, in this handout image obtained on May 28, 2022. (credit: IRANIAN ARMY/WANA/REUTERS)
zoom-image-icon.svg
A drone is seen at an underground site at an undisclosed location in Iran, in this handout image obtained on May 28, 2022. (credit: IRANIAN ARMY/WANA/REUTERS)
“The incident prompted the Knesset to convene a hearing with the IDF Chief of Staff Moshe Ya’alon.”


The report also noted that in “April 2005, a Misrad-1 UAV reportedly entered Israeli airspace, conducting an 18-mile (30 km.) reconnaissance flight over cities in the Galilee region.” During the 2006 war Hezbollah launched more drones. These included a drone packed with explosives that targeted a ship. One of the drones even had 30 kg. of explosives, according to reports.


Drone capabilities in the Middle East

Hezbollah, Hamas and other Iranian backed groups have increased their drone threats in recent years. This included incidents in 2010, 2012 and 2014. The 2012 incident was particularly important because reports at the time said Tehran had attempted to spy on Israel’s Dimona facility using a drone.

(full article online)

 
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Aerial footage of Israel’s Karish offshore natural gas platform released by Hezbollah on Sunday is fake, according to i24 News.

The video is a doctored version of promotional material produced by Energean, the British-Greek company that purchased the Karish and Tanin gas fields from Delek Drilling and Avner Oil in 2016 for $150 million.

“The only difference was that Hezbollah added some drone target graphics,” according to the report.


 
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Lebanon’s prime minister on Monday criticized as risky and unacceptable any unofficial dealings over its sea border row with Israel, after the powerful Hezbollah movement sent three drones towards an Israeli gas rig that were shot down.

Hezbollah launched its operation on Saturday following long-standing but so far fruitless US-mediated efforts to agree on a maritime border between the two countries near an area where Israel has made large natural gas discoveries.

“Lebanon considers that any action outside the framework of the state’s responsibility and the diplomatic context in which the negotiations are happening is unacceptable and exposes (Lebanon) to unnecessary risks,” a statement by the office of Prime Minister designate Najib Mikati office said.

The statement was issued following a meeting between Mikati and Foreign Minister Abdallah Bou Habib.

The statement called for “everyone, without exception” to stand behind the Lebanese state in the negotiation process, which it said had reached “advanced stages.”

Hezbollah said on Saturday the drones, launched towards the Karish gas field in waters claimed by both countries, had successfully carried out a reconnaissance mission and said “the message was delivered.”

(full article online)

 
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 The Hezbollah drone shot down by the IDF on Monday, July 18, 2022 (photo credit: IDF SPOKESPERSON'S UNIT)

The Hezbollah drone shot down by the IDF on Monday, July 18, 2022
(photo credit: IDF SPOKESPERSON'S UNIT)




 
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UNIFIL, the UN peacekeeping force in southern Lebanon, released a TikTok video to show what a typical day looks like for one of its soldiers.

The answer is...outside marching down the Blue Line, not much.



Of course, this is not entirely fair. Their regular reports to the UN show that UNIFIL does do lots of things, mostly to support the Lebanese Armed Forces, although they do nothing to help disarm Hezbollah. Every report includes a paragraph like this:

No progress was achieved with regard to the disarmament of armed groups. Hizbullah continued to acknowledge publicly that it maintained military capabilities. The maintenance of arms outside the control of the State by Hizbullah and other groups in violation of resolution 1701 (2006) continued to restrict the State’s ability to exercise full sovereignty and authority over its territory.
One thing I didn't know is that the Trump administration made some efforts to turn UNIFIL into a more useful organization. The Congressional Research Service notes:


U.S. Administrations have disagreed over the mission and size of UNIFIL. Some U.S. officials have described UNIFIL as a stabilizing presence in southern Lebanon, stating that Hezbollah strikes across the Blue Line have significantly decreased since UNSCR 1701 (2006) increased UNIFIL’s troop ceiling from 2,000 to 15,000. A former U.S. Ambassador to Lebanon has noted that “UNIFIL’s value in constraining Hezbollah comes down to its size. Through sheer numbers, it essentially saturates the south. Even if it can evade UNIFIL scrutiny at times, as the tunnels show, Hezbollah does not have the almost complete freedom of movement in the south that it enjoyed under ‘old’UNIFIL.”

(full article online)

 
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Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah warned Monday that all Israeli land and sea “targets” are within the range of the terror group’s missiles in the latest series of threats against the Jewish state amid an ongoing maritime dispute.

Speaking to the pro-Hezbollah Al Mayadeen TV, Nasrallah warned Israel against extracting gas from the Karish gas field — a natural gas reservoir located in the Eastern Mediterranean — before Lebanon “retains its rights” to the site, claiming that such a step would provoke a response.

“All land and sea targets of Israel are in the range of Hezbollah missiles,” the terror chief said.




 
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The head of Lebanon‘s powerful armed movement Hezbollah, Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah, warned on Tuesday against any Israeli attempts to expand their targeting of Palestinian terrorists to Lebanon.

“Any attack on any human being will not go unpunished or unanswered,” Nasrallah said in a televised address marking Ashura, a melancholic commemoration for Shi’ite Muslims of the killing the Prophet Mohammad’s grandson Hussein.


(full article online)


 

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