24th Amendment Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax. Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections In a 6 to 3 vote, the Court ruled in favor of Ms. Harper. The Court noted that a state violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution whenever it makes the affluence of the voter or payment of any fee an electoral standard. Voter qualifications have no relation to wealth. Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia There seems to be a rash of new laws that relate to Voter ID's lately in many states , now while on the surface these laws seem to be aimed at reducing voter fraud which from a statistical level are very low tend to appear aimed more towards a section of the voting public that vote for a single party. That said, if the states that enact these Voter ID Laws charge for the ID's themselves as a means to vote then it would appear they are in violation of the 24th Amendment, however if the ID's are free which as it appears in several states it is the case then in my humble opinion it's not. It would appear though that in the Harper case one could argue that in making a system that is so cumbersome to low income individuals as to prevent them from voting may violate the Equal Protection Clause as well. As a suggestion this issue could be easily solved with a voter registration card that has a person's picture on it, that would be free of charge to anyone who registers to vote.