The Constitution - as written - can it be better?

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  1. PaulS1950
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    The United States Constitution

    We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union,
    establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common
    defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty
    to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution
    for the United States of America.

    Article I.

    Sect. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a
    Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House
    of Representatives.

    Sect. 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members
    chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the
    Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for
    Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
    No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the
    age of twenty-five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United
    States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that state in
    which he shall be chosen.
    Representative and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several
    States which may be included within this Union, according to their
    respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole
    Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of
    Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other Persons.
    The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first
    Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent
    Term of ten Years in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number
    of Representative shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each
    state shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration
    shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse
    three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one,
    Connecticut five, New-York six, New-Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight,
    Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North-Carolina five, South-
    Carolina five, and Georgia three.
    When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the
    Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such
    Vacancies.
    The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other
    Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

    Sect. 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two
    Senators from each State chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years
    and each Senator shall have one Vote.
    Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first
    election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes.
    The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the
    Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of
    the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth
    Year, so that one-third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies
    happen by Resignation, or otherwise during the Recess of the Legislature
    of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until
    the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.
    No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of
    thirty years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who
    shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall
    be chosen.
    The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the
    Senate, but shall have no Vote unless they be equally divided.
    The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro
    tempore, in the Absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall exercise
    the Office of President of the United States.
    The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all impeachments. When
    sitting for that purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the
    President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside:
    And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of
    the Members present.
    Judgement in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to
    removal from Office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of
    honor, Trust or Profit under the United States; but the Party convicted
    shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment
    and Punishment, according to law.

    Sect. 4. The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators
    and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature
    thereof: but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such
    Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.
    The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such
    Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law
    appoint a different Day.

    Sect. 5. Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and
    Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute
    a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day,
    and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such
    Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.
    Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its
    Members for disorderly Behaviour, and with the Concurrence of two-thirds,
    expel a Member.
    Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to
    time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their judgment
    require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any
    question shall, at the Desire of one-fifth of those Present be entered on
    the Journal.
    Neither House, during the Session of Congress shall, without the Consent
    of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place
    than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

    Sect. 6. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation
    for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury
    of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and
    Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at
    the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from
    the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either house, they shall not be
    questioned in any other Place.
    No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was
    elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the
    United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof
    shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any
    Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during
    his Continuance in Office.

    Sect. 7. All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of
    Representative; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on
    other Bills.
    Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the
    Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of
    the United States; if he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall
    return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have
    originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their journal, and
    proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two-thirds of
    that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with
    the Objections, to the other House, by which is shall likewise be
    reconsidered, and if approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become
    a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined
    by yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the
    Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any
    Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays
    excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a
    Law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their
    Adjournment prevent its Return, in which case it shall not be a law.
    Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate
    and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of
    Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and
    before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being
    disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and
    House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations
    prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

    Sect. 8. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties,
    Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence
    and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and
    Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States.
    To Borrow Money on the Credit of the United States;
    To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States,
    and with the Indian Tribes;
    To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the
    subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
    To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix
    the Standard of Weights and Measures;
    To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and
    current Coin of the United States;
    To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
    To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for
    limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their
    respective Writings and Discoveries;
    To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
    To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas,
    and Offences against the Law of Nations;
    To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules
    concerning Captures on Land and Water;
    To raise and support Armies, but no appropriation of Money to that Use
    shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
    To provide and maintain a Navy;
    To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval
    Forces;
    To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the
    Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
    To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and
    for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the
    United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of
    the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the
    discipline prescribed by Congress;
    To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such
    District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular
    States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government
    of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places
    purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the States in which the
    Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards,
    and other needful Buildings; -And
    To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into
    Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this
    Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department
    or Officer thereof.

    Sect. 9. The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the
    States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited
    by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight,
    but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten
    dollars for each Person.
    The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended,
    unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may
    require it.
    No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
    No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion
    to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
    No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
    No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue
    to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or
    from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
    No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of
    Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the
    Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time
    to time.
    No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no
    Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without
    the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, Office, or
    Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.

    Sect. 10. No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation;
    grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make
    any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any
    Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of
    Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.
    No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or
    Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for
    executing its inspection Laws; and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts,
    laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the
    Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the
    Revision and Controul of the Congress.
    No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage,
    keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or
    Compact with another state, or with a foreign Power, or engage in war, unless
    actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.


    Article II.

    Sect. 1. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the
    United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of
    four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same
    term, be elected as follows
    Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may
    direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and
    Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no
    Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit
    under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
    The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot
    for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the
    same State with themselves. And they shall make a list of all the Persons
    voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign
    and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the
    United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of
    the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of
    Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be
    counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the
    President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors
    appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have
    an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall
    immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President: and if no Person
    have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House
    shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the president,
    the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State
    having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or
    Members from two-thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States
    shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the
    President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors
    shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have
    equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.
    The Congress may determine the Time of the chusing the Electors, and
    the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same
    throughout the United States.
    No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United
    States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be
    eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible
    to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five
    Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
    In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or his Death,
    Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said
    Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may
    by Law provide for the case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability,
    both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall
    then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the
    Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
    The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a
    Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the
    Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive
    within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of
    them.
    Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the
    following Oath or Affirmation:
    "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the
    Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my
    Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United
    States."

    Sect. 2.
    The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy
    of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when
    called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the
    Opinion, in writing of the principal Officer in each of the executive
    Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective
    Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for
    Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
    He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate,
    to make Treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur; and
    he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate,
    shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of
    the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose
    Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be
    established by Law. But the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of
    such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in
    the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
    The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen
    during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall
    expire at the end of their next Session.

    Sect. 3. He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of
    the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures
    as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary
    Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of
    Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may
    adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive
    Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws
    be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the officers of the
    United States.

    Sect. 4. The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the
    United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and
    Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors.


    Article III.

    Sect. 1. The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one
    supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time
    to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and
    inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall,
    at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation which shall not
    be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

    Sect. 2.
    The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising
    under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and
    Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority;-to all Cases
    affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers, and Consuls;-to all Cases
    of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;-to Controversies to which the
    United States shall be a Party;-to Controversies between two or more
    States, between a State and Citizens of another State;-between Citizens of
    different States, between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under
    Grants of different States, and between a State or the Citizens thereof,
    and foreign States, Citizens, or Subjects.
    In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls,
    and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have
    original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the
    supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact,
    with such Exceptions and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
    The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury;
    and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have
    been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be
    at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

    Sect. 3. Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying War
    against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.
    No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two
    Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
    The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no
    Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except
    during the Life of the Person attained.


    Article IV.

    Sect. 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the
    public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And
    the Congress may, by general Laws, prescribe the Manner in which such
    Acts, Records, and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

    Sect. 2. The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and
    Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
    A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who
    shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand
    of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up,
    to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
    No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof,
    escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation
    therein, be discharged from such Service or Labor, but shall be delivered up
    on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labor may be due.

    Sect. 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no
    new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other
    State, nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or
    parts of States, without the Consent of the legislatures of the States
    concerned as well as of the Congress.
    The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and
    Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the
    United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so Construed as to
    Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

    Sect. 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a
    Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion;
    and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when
    the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.


    Article V.

    The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary,
    shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of
    the Legislatures of two-thirds of the several States, shall call a
    Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be
    valid, to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when
    ratified by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, or by
    conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of
    Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment
    which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight
    shall in any manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the ninth
    section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent,
    shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.

    Article VI.

    All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of
    this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this
    Constitution, as under the Confederation.

    This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which
    shall be made in Pursuance thereof, and all Treaties made, or which shall
    be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme
    Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby,
    any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary
    notwithstanding.

    The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the
    several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of
    the United States and of the several States, shall be bound, by Oath or
    Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be
    required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United
    States.

    Article VII.

    The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient
    for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying
    the Same.

    DONE in Convention, by the Unanimous Consent of the States present, the
    Seventeenth Day of September, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven
    hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of
    America the Twelfth In WITNESS whereof, We have hereunto subscribed our Names.

    Attest:
    William Jackson, Secretary
    George Washington
    President and deputy from Virginia

    NEW HAMPSHIRE
    John Langdon
    Nicholas Gilman

    MASSACHUSETTS
    Nathaniel Gorham
    Rufus King

    NEW YORK
    Alexander Hamilton

    NEW JERSEY
    William Livingston
    David Brearley
    William Paterson
    Jonathan Dayton

    PENNSYLVANIA
    Benjamin Franklin
    Thomas Mifflin
    Robert Morris
    George Clymer
    Thomas Fitzsimons
    Jared Ingersoll
    James Wilson
    Gouverneur Morris

    DELAWARE
    George Read
    Gunning Bedford, Jr.
    John Dickinson
    Richard Bassett
    Jacob Broom

    MARYLAND
    James McHenry
    Dan of St. Thomas Jennifer
    Daniel Carroll

    VIRGINIA
    John Blair
    James Madison, Jr.

    NORTH CAROLINA
    William Blount
    Richard Dobbs Spaight
    Hugh Williamson

    SOUTH CAROLINA
    John Rutledge
    Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
    Charles Pinckney
    Pierce Butler

    GEORGIA
    William Few
    Abraham Baldwin


    AMENDMENTS

    1st Amendment
    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or
    prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech,
    or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to
    petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

    2nd Amendment
    A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free
    State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be
    infringed.

    3rd Amendment
    No Soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without
    the consent of the Owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner to be
    prescribed by law.

    4th Amendment
    The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers,
    and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be
    violated; and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported
    by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be
    searched and the persons or things to be seized.

    5th Amendment
    No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous,
    crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in
    cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in
    actual service, in time of War, or public danger; nor shall any person be
    subject, for the same offence, to be twice put in jeopardy of life or
    limb; nor shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness
    against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without
    due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use,
    without just compensation.

    6th Amendment
    In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a
    speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district
    wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have
    been previously ascertained by law; and to be informed of the nature and
    cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him;
    to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to
    have the assistance of counsel for his defence.

    7th Amendment
    In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed
    twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no
    fact, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the
    United States than according to the rules of the common law.

    8th Amendment
    Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor
    cruel and unusual punishment inflicted.

    9th Amendment
    The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be
    construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

    10th Amendment
    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor
    prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively,
    or to the people.

    11th Amendment
    The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend
    to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the
    United States by citizens of another State or by citizens or subjects of
    any foreign state.

    12th Amendment
    The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot
    for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an
    inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their
    ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the
    person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make distinct lists of
    all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-
    President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall
    sign, and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the Government of
    the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; the President
    of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and the House of
    Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be
    counted;-the person having the greatest number of votes for President
    shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number
    of Electors appointed; and if no person have such a majority, then, from
    the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list
    of those voted for a President, the House of Representative shall choose
    immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the
    votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having
    one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members
    from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be
    necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not
    choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them,
    before the fourth day of March next following the Vice President shall
    act as President, as in case of death, or other constitutional disability
    of the President.-The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-
    President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of
    the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have a majority,
    then, form the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose
    the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds
    of the whole number of Senators; a majority of the whole number shall be
    necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the
    office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the
    United States.

    13th Amendment

    Sect. 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a
    punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted,
    shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their
    jurisdiction.

    Sect. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by
    appropriate legislation.


    14th Amendment

    Sect. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and
    subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and
    of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law
    which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United
    States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or
    property, without due process of law, nor deny any person within its
    jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

    Sect. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States
    according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of
    persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to
    vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice
    President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive
    and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature
    thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being
    twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way
    abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis
    of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the
    number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male
    citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

    Sect. 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or
    elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or
    military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having
    previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the
    United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive
    or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the
    United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the
    same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may,
    by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

    Sect. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States,
    authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and
    bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not
    be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume
    or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion
    against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of
    any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held
    illegal and void.

    Sect. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,
    the provisions of this article.


    15th Amendment

    Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be
    denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of
    race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
    Sect. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation.


    16th Amendment
    The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from
    whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States
    and without regard to any census or enumeration.


    17th Amendment
    The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from
    each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator
    shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the
    qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the
    State legislatures.
    When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate,
    the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to
    fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may
    empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointment until the
    people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
    This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or
    term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the
    Constitution.


    18th Amendment

    Sect. 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture,
    sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof
    into, or the exportation thereof from the United
    States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage
    purposes is hereby prohibited.

    Sect. 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power
    to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

    Sect. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified
    as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the
    several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years of the
    date of the submission hereof to the States by Congress.


    19th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied
    or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
    Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation.

    20th Amendment

    Sect. 1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon
    on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives
    at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would
    have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their
    successors shall then begin.

    Sect. 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and
    such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they
    shall by law appoint a different day.

    Sect. 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President,
    the President-elect shall have died, the Vice President-elect
    shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before
    the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President-elect
    shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President-elect shall act as
    President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by
    law provide for the case wherein neither a President-elect nor a Vice
    President-elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as
    President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and
    such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President
    shall have qualified.

    Sect. 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of
    any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a
    President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and
    for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may
    choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved
    upon them.

    Sect. 5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October
    following the ratification of this article.

    Sect. 6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified
    as an amendment to the Constitution by three-fourths of the
    several States within seven years from the date of its submission.


    21st Amendment

    Sect. 1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United
    States is hereby repealed.

    Sect. 2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or
    possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of
    intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby
    prohibited.

    Sect. 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified
    as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as
    provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date
    of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.


    22nd Amendment

    Sect. 1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more
    than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted
    as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person
    was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more
    than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the
    office of President when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and
    shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President,
    or acting as President, during the term within which his Article becomes
    operative from holding the office of President or acting as President
    during the remainder of such term.

    Sect. 2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified
    as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the
    several states within seven years from the date of its submission to the States
    by the Congress.


    23rd Amendment

    Sect. 1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States
    shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:
    A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole
    number of Senators and Representative in Congress to which the District
    would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least
    populous State; they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election
    of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and
    they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the
    twelfth article of amendment.

    Sect. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation.


    24th Amendment

    Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any
    primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors
    for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in
    Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any
    State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

    Sect. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate
    legislation.


    25th Amendment

    Sect. 1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his
    death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

    Sect. 2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice
    President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take
    office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

    Sect. 3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore
    of the Senate and the Speakers of the House of Representatives his written
    declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his
    office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the
    contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President
    as Acting President.

    Sect. 4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the
    principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as
    Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the
    Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written
    declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and
    duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the
    powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
    Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of
    the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written
    declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and
    duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either
    the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body
    as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President
    pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives
    their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the
    powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the
    issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose if not in
    session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after Congress is
    required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that
    the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office,
    the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting
    President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of
    his office.


    26th Amendment

    Sect. 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen
    years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the
    United States or by any State on account of age.

    Sect. 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by
    appropriate legislation.


    We can discuss this a section at a time or in full. What would you like to see changed and how would you modify it?
     
  2. jwoodie
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    jwoodie Gold Member Supporting Member

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    Our founding documents are almost unique in history in that they were written by a group of selfless political philosophers who were inventing an entirely new form of government. Understandably, their biggest failing was not foreseeing the subsequent rise of political partisanship, led by Thomas Jefferson.
     
  3. PaulS1950
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    PaulS1950 Senior Member

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    Here is an incomplete version of an upgraded constitution:

    Constitution of the united States as modified for the information age.

    We the People of the united States, in order to correct the inequalities within our union, reestablish our States and their Sovereignty under the rule of law by the People, for the People and of the People, to ensure domestic tranquility, and enforce liberties and rights for ourselves and our posterity do ordain and establish this Constitution for the united States of North America.


    Article I.
    Section 1. The legislative powers of the united States are vested in the People of the united States. Which shall consist of a system of one vote for each Citizen who has attained the age of 18 and are legal Citizens who have resided within the united States for a period of at least seven years. In all national matters that affect all the States there will be an election held once every year. Each State will have a single vote that consists of a 66% super majority of all the votes from the voting Citizens of each State. Passage of any bill into law will require a 66% super majority of all the State's votes.
    In the case of an emergency a special vote will be held as soon as the facts can be reported to the Citizens of the many States.

    In the case of an invasion by a foreign power or an act of war against the united States or any of the many States or the legal territories of the united States, those Citizens who are capable will act in unison to protect themselves and their State until such time as the military can be given the power to act. In the case of an invasion, the military can act to repel and eliminate the threat within the borders of the united States and it's legal territories. No counter-invasion can take place without a super majority national vote. The military can act only with a 66% super majority national vote except in the case of an invasion by a foreign power.


    Section 2. A legal Citizen is any person who is born in one of the many States and whose parents are both either born in one of the States of legal Citizens or of naturalized Citizens or are themselves naturalized Citizens through legal immigration. A person born of two Citizen parents outside of the united States is a Citizen of the united States. A person legally in the united States can become a Citizen through the naturalization process and remaining within the confines of the unites States for a period of not less than seven years.

    Section 3. Taxes, in all forms, may not exceed 20% of an individual's income for any year in which they are collected. There will be a single tax on retail sales of new goods and services. New goods are defined as products that are for personal use or consumption. Businesses will not pay taxes on goods or services that are used in the functions of the business for resale but will pay taxes on goods and services for consumption by the business or its employees. Sales of the new goods used for business to the retail market will be taxed on the rate specified on the purchase price paid by the individual at the time of sale.

    Section 4. The tax is set at this time at 5% of the purchase price for all goods and services. Taxes can be raised by a 66% or greater majority vote only after it is determined by the constitutional court that the tax is Constitutionally lawful. Taxes shall be collected by the State in which the transaction is completed not in the State of residence of the purchaser. Taxing the purchase in a second manner or a second time is prohibited.

    Section 5. Taxes will be levied proportionally to the level of income of the individual Citizen. Tax credit will be given for up to two children of married couples based on the median cost to raise children.

    Section 6. The People have the sole power (through their votes) to lay and specify the manner to collect taxes; to control the military; to regulate commerce with foreign nations; to establish an uniform rule of naturalization and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the united States; to provide for the coining of money and regulate the value thereof based on the cache of precious metals held in reserve; fix the standard of weights and measures; to establish post offices; to promote the progress of the sciences and arts by securing for the individual authors and inventors the exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries for their lives; to constitute tribunals and courts inferior to the constitutional and supreme court; to declare war; make rules concerning captures on land and sea; to raise and support the military forces; to make rules for the governing and regulation of the military forces; to provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia composed of all able-bodied legal Citizens; to provide for calling forth the militia to repel invasions and insurrections.

    Article 2.
    Section 1. A president and vice president will be elected by popular vote in the following manner; Each county and/or parish will nominate two Citizens, at least 35 years of age and at least one of which will be a Citizen from a different State, for the office of president at least eighteen months prior to the election. A vote will be held in each county and/or parish and the two nominees with the most votes in each of the many States will be the States nominees. These names will be published and on the date of the national election each Citizen will vote for two of the many nominees. The nominee with the most votes will be the next president and the nominee with the second most votes will be the next vice president.

    Section 2. The powers of the president will be limited to representing the will of the People to international leaders, meet with such leaders in open diplomatic functions and enact the will of the People in all matters.

    Section 3. The vice president's powers will be limited to aiding the president in his duties and taking over the duties of the president should he be unable or unwilling to perform such duties.

    Section 4. The salaries of the president and vice president will be no more than the median income of the People they represent. They will be provided offices as any businessperson would and affairs of state will be paid for apart from their salaries.

    Section 5. The elected officials will maintain a home for their families and selves with the salary provided. Their health care will be provided for by the same health organization as provides for those who are unable pay for additional private insurance. They will pay the same taxes as the People pay. There is no pension or privileges beyond the four year term in office.

    Section 6. It will be unlawful for officers or their family members to accept gifts during the term of office, which is set at four years. Any gifts given to them or their families will go to auction and the proceeds will be vested in the national treasury. Hiding the receipt of any gift will be a felony and reason for dimissal and trial.

    Section 7. The limit of service is one term of four years in each ten year period. During that four year term protection will be provided by the country. Following the four year term no protection will be provided by the country.

    Article 3.
    Section 1. A Constitutional court will be elected by popular vote of the People. The court will be composed of one Citizen for each five States. The justices will serve a term of four years and cannot be re-elected for ten years thereafter. A decision of constitutionality requires a minimum of 66% majority vote. If no decision can be made then no ruling will be reflected and the law will not be presented for a vote.

    Section 2. The duties of the Constitutional court are limited to judging the constitutionality of bills before they are voted on by the People to become law. Salaries for the judges will be set at the median income of the Citizens of the united States. The same rule for receipt of gifts apply.

    Article 4.
    Section 1. All bills will begin through the initiative process. Any legal Citizen may file an initiative and submit it in a signature drive to the People to determine if there is enough interest to continue the process.

    Section 2. Filing fees for the initiative will be one-half of one percent (0.5%) of the individual(s) annual income sponsoring the initiative.

    Section 3. Only one bill subject or one change to a law may be presented on any one initiative.

    Section 4. To get an initiative on the ballot shall require signatures of registered voters in an amount equal to at least 20% of the number of voters in the last presidential election.

    Section 5. When the initiative has the votes required to place it on the ballot it becomes a bill of law to be remanded to the Constitutional court for a decision of constitutionality. Once the constitutionality of the bill has been confirmed the bill will be put to the People in the next national election and if passed by a 66% majority the law will go into effect.

    Article 5.
    Section 1. The supreme court shall be elected by popular vote. Nine judges will be appointed to serve until they reach the age of retirement. The duties of the court will be to hear cases on conflicts between the States and Citizens and settle cases in conflict of lower courts. The decisions of the supreme court will be the final step in any appeals process. The same rule on the receipt of gifts applies.

    Section 2. Salaries of the judges will be the median wage of the Citizens of the united States.


    Article 6.
    Section 1. The right of Habeas Corpus will not be suspended. No law being passed will subject Citizens to punishment or restrictions for activities of which they have not been tried and found guilty. No law having been passed, affects those who acted before the law was passed. No tax or duty will be passed on goods or services between the States. No preferences shall be given to the ports of one State over those of another. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and itemized accounting of the receipts and expenditures of all public moneys shall be published at least monthly. The united States must operate on a balanced buget.

    Section 2. No title of nobility shall be granted by the united States; No Citizen of the united States shall accept any office or title of any kind from a foreign State. Such action or acceptance is to be considered treasonous and prosecuted.

    Section 3. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation separate from the united States. No State shall lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports beyond those set by popular vote of the many States. No State shall engage in war unless actually invaded or there is imminent danger as would not allow for a vote by the many States.

    Section 4. Any officer or judge may be removed by a simple majority vote showing a lack of confidence in their performance of their job or by being convicted for any crime while in office.

    Section 5. Should any officer or judge make an attempt to circumvent or defy the Constitution they will be immediately dismissed and tried for treason. The only punishments for treason are and will remain deportation or, in time of war, death.

    Section 6. Any Citizens having attained the age of 18 may be called upon to defend themselves, fellow Citizens, the State in which they live or the united States, not necessarily within the military, so long as they do not have moral reasons against it. Those with moral objections may be called to serve in civil support positions.


    Joint chiefs report to and act upon orders from the People.

    All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be held null and void.

    A voters council will be one Citizen from each State that observes and reports the voting tally from the several States. If there is an inequality in the information from any State then a recount will be ordered.


    Immutable Rights, possessed by Citizens, unchanging and unrestricted by any vote or power:
    The individual Citizens of the united States have and keep these immutable rights:

    1. The right of free speech - to speak their minds and voice their opinions on any topic. Intentionally causing panic or harm, libel and/or slander are abuses of this right as it would infringe on the rights of others and will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.

    2.a. The right of all Citizens to keep and bear arms shall not be recorded, taxed or limited in any way. Crimes committed with force of arms will carry an automatic death penalty upon lawful conviction.
    2.b. Ammunition, components and accessories for any arms shall not be recorded, taxed or limited in any way.
    2.c. Arms include but are not limited to: bladed weapons, firearms, bows and arrows, and any other weapon of offense or defense ever or currently in either military infantry or civilian use.

    3.a. The right to choose freely any religion or no religion as each Citizen deems correct for themselves.
    3.b. The right to exercise their chosen religious path in spiritual and moral matters.

    4.a. The united States or any single or group of States will never have a State or preferred religion.
    4.b. No State or any building used by the government of any State, county, parish, city or town can show text or representations from just one religion.
    4.c. Under no circumstance shall one religion be shown preference in any government activity, forum, or facility.

    5. The right to unencumbered peaceful assembly shall not be taxed or assigned permits for which there is a record or charge.

    6. Any individual or group of Citizens has the right to petition the government, at any level, to redress grievances unencumbered by license or permit.

    7. The right of personal choice in matters of health and morals shall not be restricted or limited by any government or agency of the government.

    8. All Citizens have the right to feel secure within their homes and upon their property. The use of force in the amount considered prudent to the individual Citizen to defend his life, family, property and or home is allowed as legal defense against criminal and civil charges except upon the prior service of a lawful warrant.

    9. Any intrusion into a Citizen's person, property, home, papers or personal effects requires a warrant issued by a judge upon sworn testimony, particularly describing the place to be searched and the specific persons or things to be seized.

    10. Probable cause, unless sworn to in front of a judge is not grounds for a warrant of arrest or search. This is not meant to refuse the power of law enforcement officers or Citizens to arrest an individual when caught in the commission of a crime.

    11. No soldier, in peace time or in time of war, shall be quartered in any house without permission of the owner and residents and fair compensation paid.

    12. The freedom of the press to print or otherwise state the factual truths and offer such editorials as may encourage thoughtful discussion through the printing of editorials on all sides of each editorial topic shall not be infringed. The use of editorials on only one side of a topic can be considered subversion or propaganda which is a felony.

    13. No Citizen shall be tried for the same criminal act more than once.

    14. No Citizen shall be held to answer, in civil court, having been found not guilty in criminal court.

    15. All records of arrest and trial shall be deleted once a Citizen has been found not guilty of an offense.

    16. No Citizen can be compelled to be a witness against himself.

    17.a. No Citizen can be deprived of life, liberty and property without due process of law.
    17.b. Private property cannot be taken without replacement property suitable to the Citizen owner and all expenses for the process paid.

    18.a. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of his or her peers in the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed.
    18.b. The trial shall commence not more than thirty (30) days following the arrest of the accused.
    18.c. In the event of an acquittal the time between the arrest and verdict will be paid at a rate which would equal twice the greater of the wage being made before arrest or twice the average wage in the area of habitation for the job in which he / she is qualified whichever is higher.

    19. At the time of arrest a Citizen has the following rights:
    to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation;
    to confront the witnesses against him;
    to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor;
    and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

    20. In all legal and civil actions the right of trial by jury shall be preserved.

    21. Bail amounts shall be set to fit the crime, personal ability and an assessment of risk to the public and risk of flight to avoid prosecution. On offenses of murder, civil rights violation and other violent crimes there will be no bail.

    22. Following a conviction of a crime the criminals property will be distributed to his family or in the absence of family auctioned and the monies added to the treasury of the jurisdiction in which the crime was committed.

    23. Involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall not exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

    24. After lawful conviction of a crime the prisoner will serve his or her sentence in a facility that cares for the basic need for life without liberty. There will be no amenities of comfort beyond those basic needs of food, clothing, cleanliness, medical care and dental care that extends from and during their incarceration.

    25. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of Citizens of the united States; nor shall any State deprive any Citizen of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny any Citizen within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws and licenses of any Citizen from any other State in which they were enacted.

    26. The right of Citizens of the united States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the united States or by any State on account of gender, gender preference, gender identification, ethnicity, race, color, creed or age so long as the Citizen is at least 18 years of age.

    27. No government has the power to limit the love of one Citizen for another Citizen and the right to express that love through marriage so long as they are of legal age and of sound mind. This is not meant to supercede the right of religions to refuse to perform marriages to anyone.

    28. The right to freedom of expression through any artful, creative, and personal means shall not be limited or suppressed.

    29. The enumeration of rights in this constitution shall not be construed to deny or disparage other rights retained by the Citizens.

    30. All powers not expressly delegated within the constitution are retained by the Citizens.
     
  4. asaratis
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    asaratis Uppity Senior Citizen Gold Supporting Member Supporting Member

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    To answer your OP question, yes it can be better. The difficulty is in defining "better". Your proposed substitute resembles a freshman attempt to write a post graduate article. The more one reads, the more one grins...at least that's what's happening here with this one.
     
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  5. Rozman
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    Rozman Gold Member Supporting Member

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    I heard Obama is working on replacing it...
     
  6. Sunshine
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    Sunshine Trust the pie. Supporting Member

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    I'm sure there are many things that could not have been anticipated during colonial days. I think if the framers could have looked down the road and seen how society has changed there would be some limitations.

    They couldn't have predicted welfare and generational poverty in a land where there was seemingly the infinate ability to expand. (There were food shortages in the 1600s, though.) I don't think they could have anticipated the violence we have just for violence sake, street gangs, the various mafias, and the extent of mental illness in our population. They couldn't have anticipated the internet and the myriad ways children are lured into things which in that day would likely have been too despicable to even mention.

    The Constitution was written to free people from the bondage of an arbitrary monarchy. It has done that to be sure, but it has not constrained the elements which in this day are deleterious to the foundations of our society.
     
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    Last edited: Jan 22, 2013
  7. Katzndogz
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    Katzndogz Diamond Member

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    Actually, they DID see the subsequent rise of political partisanship and predicted the end of the United States at the signing of the Constitution. We have proven that the predictions were true and have reached the end of the nation now.
     
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  8. oldfart
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    oldfart Older than dirt

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    The problem with a re-write (and the main argument against another constitutional convention) is that it is not clear what the new language would do in replacing the old. Words in the Constitution, laws of the United States, and court decisions implementing them have acquired very specific meanings, the certainty of which is a cornerstone of our judicial system. What exactly does the Commerce Clause mean? Is there a "Right of Privacy" implied in the Constitution? What does the Tenth Amendment really mean?

    Given this problem, I think it would be much easier to break any discussion down to these types of issues. For a starter, does anyone want to revise the definition of United States citizen?
     
  9. Sunshine
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    Sunshine Trust the pie. Supporting Member

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    I was not referring to partisanship.
     
  10. Sunshine
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    Sunshine Trust the pie. Supporting Member

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    LOL. Something else they didn't see coming!
     

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