1. If the flaw in my logic is so obvious, why don't you spell it out? 2. There was no standing army of the federal government. The 2nd Amendment guaranteed each State the right to defend its individual sovereignty. 3. See above. 4. See above. The basis for my belief is the plain wording of the Amendment and the fact that it was added after the Constitutional Convention as a condition demanded by individual States as part of their ratifications.