This OP brings up TWO different questions of (a) whether the ACA mandates were Unconstitutional by the literal Constitution and process; (b) they violated Constitutional BELIEFS, and if "political beliefs" count under "religious freedom" protected under the First and Fourteenth Amendments, and Civil Rights principles against discrimination by creed. Do you believe the ACA Mandates were/are Unconstitutional? A. Yes, by violating Constitutional principles or process* that ARE established laws B. Yes, by violating Constitutional BELIEFS on principles or process* (ie even if people do not AGREE those BELIEFS are established Constitutional laws) * including arguments against govt regulating religious freedom, prohibiting or establishing beliefs through federal govt, rights of people and states, requirement of Constitutional Amendment, no taxation without representation, no involuntary servitude, no depriving liberties without due process of laws, equal protection of laws from discrimination by creed, consent of the governed, civil liberties or freedom of choice, etc. C. No, once a law is passed by Congress and upheld by Courts it is Constitutional D. Yes and No, it is Constitutional for those who believe it is, and Unconstitutional for those who believe it is not; thus if this distinction is not recognized and the mandates made optional for those who don't believe they are Constitutional, then that enforcement imposes on people against their beliefs, which is discriminatory and Unconstitutional E. Other Brilliant Answer - Please Elaborate, Educate and Enlighten us!