Seems like everyone is familiar with Republican Senator Goldwaters vote against the 1964 Civil Rights Act and some even know that he explained, as a constitutionalist, that the reason was the belief that the Congress had no right to mandate how individuals must use their private property in other words, the limits of the commerce clause. A few even know that Goldwater had a long history of fighting segregation and racism, including signing previous civil rights acts. But how many know about the Southern Manifesto? 1. "In 1956, 19 Senators and 77 members of the House of Representatives signed the "Southern Manifesto," a resolution condemning the 1954 Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education. The resolution called the decision "a clear abuse of judicial power" and encouraged states to resist implementing its mandates. In response to Southern opposition, in 1958 the Court revisited the Brown decision in Cooper v. Aaron, asserting that the states were bound by the ruling and affirming that its interpretation of the Constitution was the "supreme law of the land." Signed by: Members of the United States Senate: Alabama-John Sparkman and Lister Hill. Arkansas-J. W. Fulbright and John L. McClellan. Florida-George A. Smathers and Spessard L. Holland. Georgia-Walter F. George and Richard B. Russell. Louisiana-Allen J. Ellender and Russell B. Lono. Mississippi-John Stennis and James O. Eastland. North Carolina-Sam J. Ervin Jr. and W. Kerr Scott. South Carolina-Strom Thurmon and Olin D. Johnston. Texas-Price Daniel. Virginia-Harry F. Bird and A. Willis Robertson. " The Supreme Court . Expanding Civil Rights . Primary Sources | PBS That was from PBS. "Public Broadcasting Service"? No...the Political Broadcasting Service....serving one particular party. did you notice the party of the signers? Wonder why not? Anyone doubt that hiding the party of Democrats when related to slavery and segregation is a practiced art? Look for the same behavior in most of the main stream media. From NPR: 2. It is widely referred to as the Southern Manifesto advocating continued segregation. Nearly every leading member of Congress from the South signs it. But the organizers decide to exclude Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson and House Speaker Sam Rayburn, both of Texas, because they don't want the national party to be linked to their efforts. On This Day In 1956: 'Southern Manifesto' On Race Signed By 100 : It's All Politics : NPR No wonder so many believe that it is the Republicans that are the party of racism....because that is the implication in many subtle and not so subtle ways. Brainwashing by omission of important facts. Here is what the original story should have looked like- 3. Signatories:  John Sparkman (D-Alabama)  Lister Hill (D-Alabama)  William Fulbright (D-Arkansas)  John L. McClellan (D-Arkansas)  George A. Smathers (D-Florida)  Spessard Holland (D-Florida)  Walter F. George (D-Georgia)  Richard B. Russell (D-Georgia)  Allen J. Ellender (D-Louisiana)  Russell B. Long (D-Louisiana)  James O. Eastland (D-Mississippi)  John Stennis (D-Mississippi)  Samuel Ervin (D-North Carolina)  W. Kerr Scott (D-North Carolina)  Strom Thurmond (D-South Carolina)  Olin D. Johnston (D-South Carolina)  Price Daniel (D-Texas)  Harry F. Byrd (D-Virginia)   A. Willis Robertson (D-Virginia)  Southern Manifesto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The is the real benefit the Left accrues from controlling the dissemination of information. And when asked why huge percentages of black Americans still vote for the party of slavery and segregation....the above is major reason. 3. BTW... "Three years after Brown, President Eisenhower won passage of his landmark Civil Rights Act of 1957. Republican Senator Everett Dirksen authored and introduced the 1960 Civil Rights Act, and saw it through to passage. Republicans supported the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act overwhelmingly, and by much higher percentages in both House and Senate than the Democrats. Indeed, the 1964 Civil Rights Act became law only after overcoming a Democrat filibuster." Everything I Know Is Wrong: History of the Republican Party Democrat LBJ fought to remove the enforcement provisions of the Republican bills.