Madison Vetos the Bonus Bill! 1.On this day March 3, 1817 President James Madison, who believed that the Constitution should be strictly interpreted, as demonstrated in his veto of John Calhouns Bonus Bill that would have used federal funds to help build a perfect of roads and canals for the nation. Madison believed the permanent success o the Constitution depends on a definite partition of powers between the General and State Governments and that he could find no provision in the Constitution that called on the federal government to build roads and canals. The idea of funneling federal funds to specific local projects originally came from Congressman John C. Calhoun, who wanted to use the earnings bonus from the Second Bank of the United States in this manner. 2. It is of more than passing interesting that Progressives view of government is of the contrary: powers must be centralized in an executive, and the bureaucrats that invest this type of government. the agencies comprising the bureaucracy reside within the executive branch of our national government, but their powers transcend the traditional boundaries of executive power to include both legislative and judicial functions, and these powers are often exercised in a manner that is largely independent of presidential control and altogether independent of political control. The Birth of the Administrative State: Where It Came From and What It Means for Limited Government 3. . Woodrow Wilson essay Socialism and Democracy: Limitations of public authority must be put aside; the state may cross that boundary at will.The collective is not limited by individual rights. Progressives like Woodrow Wilson detested the separation, as it stood in the way of the Progressive agenda. a. Woodrow Wilson essay What is Progress? Critique of the Constitution. Government is a living thing, Darwinian, not Newtonian. Wilson states that the Founders constructed a machine, one that moved by virtue of the efficiency of checks and balances. It is accountable to Darwin, not to Newton. It is modified by its environment, necessitated by its tasks, shaped to its functions by the sheer pressure of life. No living thing can have its organs offset against each other, as checks, and live. b. Separation of powers should be discarded. America stands at a crossroads today. Will it be James Madison, or Woodrow Wilson that we follow?