EPAs Regulation of Coal-Fired Power: Is a Train Wreck Coming? Congressional Research Service report Aug. 8, 2011 from the Summary: Now where have we heard this recently?! So the "train wreck" for older, inefficient and was already "on the books" due to market factors, whether or not the EPA tightened and enforced its air quality regulations! Source: Sue Tierney, EPA Proposed Utility Air Toxics Rule Managing Compliance in Reliable Ways, Congressional Staff Briefing, May 9, 2011, p. 10. The chart is based on EIA Form 860 data. A similar chart produced by EIA itself can be found at http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=1830. The CRS report acknowledges the benefits of these new EPA rules and tightening of enforcement for existing rules. In one example, the clamp down on smog-causing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide would help prevent tens of thousands of cases of bronchitis and heart attacks, with the potential to save 30-40 thousand lives/year. Thats a quarter trillion dollars in health benefits, compared with 3 billion per year in costs by 2014. In most cases, CRS concludes, the benefits are larger.