I am curious who is responsible for creating the tests for elementary/grammer school, middle school , high school, and college level? Basically GED , SAT/PSAT , GRE / GMAT / LSAT / MCAT ....etc Are these done from a group of organization or just one. Who is responsible for what questions will be on the test and what content will be covered on the test? Question 2 As for other types of test like certification tests like building , or computer , or medical , or engineering. Are their specific people that make up the questions for those tests. Or is it an organization or a specialist in the field ....? How would one get the responsibility or job of doing this if he wanted to and had the knowledge? If one was a teacher for many years and wanted to get into creating tests and certification exams what would one have to do to get in charge of creating the exams. Assuming he has the proper knowledge in the area under consideration .