A catastrophe this huge is the result of blameworthy behavior by many people, with doing nothing being a form of such behavior. The first sentence my Political Science 101 Professor said in September, 1968- 37 years ago almost to the day, was that the Army Corps Of Engineers was, and I quote: "The lobby that can't be beat". Guess who built the God Damn levees that failed. The levees might well have held up under a Category Three Hurricane, which is what they were built to withstand. I would like to know how hard the Corps, this unbeatable lobby, pushed for upgrades during the last 20 years or so. They were in the midst of a "feasibility study" a la Dilbert when Katrina hit. To be completely fair, I may as well cite a link that puts the Army Corps of Engineers in a decent light, even if it is from Mother Jones: http://www.motherjones.com/commenta...ew_orleans.html (from the link): Now, New Orleans has over 20 miles of levees, and the link does not say if the sections breached were a priority for upgrade. We will be having several months of Congressional and other committee hearings, so perhaps the status of pre-hurricane plans for the levees will be clearly spelled out. One thing, the over 20 miles of lakefront levees all held up, and all the breaches occurred in canal levees perpendicular to the lakefront, as far as I have been able to see from news reports. This tells me that the hydodynamics of the situation was not correctly thought out- it seems the canal levees were far more vulnerable than the lakefront levees, and who besides the Army Corps of Engineers could be resposible for this critical scientific lapse?