Were approved on this day, Nov. 15, 1777. Ratified by the states, as was expected, it was the controlling document of law until the Constitution of 1787 was ratified. Articles of Confederation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Notice the list of the President's of the Congress after ratification. Some say that John Hanson was the 1st President of the United States, as he was the 1st to serve a full year term under the Articles. This has some merit to it, but mostly not, IMO. After the Declaration was announced, it became necessary to insure that the words in it did not just lay flat on a parchment.