Reprint of paper in Commitment and Civil Rights of the Mentally Ill. Proceedings of World Federation of Mental Health Conference in Copenhagen, August 1984. Edited by K. Jensen and B. Pedersen, SIND, Copenhagen, 1985. SYNOPSIS PART I: THREE FACTS ABOUT NEUROLEPTIC DRUGS & SCHIZOPHRENIA Brain Damage Neuroleptic drugs: a trap Drug-free treatment programs are superior PART II: EFFECTS OF THE DRUGS IN THE BRAIN & ON THE PERSONALITY Targets of neuroleptic drugs in the brain Drug effects at the receptor level Drug effects at higher levels The limbic system "Anti-psychotic" drugs: A misleading term Creativity, insight and the limbic system Part III: CONCLUSIONS NEW LAWS NEEDED AND OTHER LESSONS FROM THE NEUROLEPTIC DRUG TRAGEDY Treatment of mentally handicapped and old people Who shall control our brains? Crimes and tragedies in psychiatry: past and future (?) A legal right to drug-free care Legal protection of committed persons against brain intrusions Legal affirmation of four conditions of forced treatment given by the Declaration of Hawaii A legal ban of all neuroleptic drugs SHOULD NEUROLEPTIC DRUGS BE BANNED?