Population end 2008 140m.https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/rs.html Deaths exceeding births over the past 16 years by 12.4m. World Affairs Journal - Drunken Nation: Russiaâs Depopulation Bomb "A comparison dramatizes what is happening in Russia. Between 1976 and 1991, the last sixteen years of Soviet power, the country recorded 36 million births. In the sixteen post-Communist years of 19922007, there were just 22.3 million, a drop in childbearing of nearly 40 percent from one era to the next. On the other side of the life cycle, a total of 24.6 million deaths were recorded between 1976 and 1991, while in the first sixteen years of the post-Communist period the Russian Federation tallied 34.7 million deaths, a rise of just over 40 percent. The symmetry is striking: in the last sixteen years of the Communist era, births exceeded deaths in Russia by 11.4 million; in the first sixteen years of the post-Soviet era, deaths exceeded births by 12.4 million." They are losing around 11% of their population a year. Industry mostly consists of mining natural resources. The primary thing they actually produce is vodka. Russia's population is roughly the size of Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Japan, and half that of the US. The numbers in this table may surprise you.List of countries by population - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia What strategic US (vs. left political) advantage, exactly, is gained by the POTUS dredging up nuclear arms control with Russia when: 1) they are disappearing; 2) can barely afford to keep their own military; 3) they are a 3rd world country whose scarce existence is due largely to oil revenue; and 4) they are struggling for relevance?