Abortion now legal across Australia Abortion has been decriminalised across Australia after the last remaining state where it was illegal, New South Wales (NSW), voted to reform its laws. The bill, passed on Thursday, overturns a 119-year-old law which had been criticised by opponents as archaic. The legislation had generated weeks of heated debate and deeply divided the state's conservative government. Previously, abortions were possible in NSW only if a doctor deemed there was "serious risk" to a woman's health. The legislation was passed 26-14 in the state's upper house after discussions about more than 100 possible amendments. It has already been approved by the upper house. Great news as the Aussies throw off their dark colonial past.