First of all, let me admit that my knowledge of pragmatism is abysmally incomplete. But that's not going to stop me from making what may be an ignorant post, nothing unusual there: " Rorty thought that the things we believe to be true aren’t actually connected to reality: There is the stuff we say, and then there is the actual world, and never the twain shall meet. We agree on certain conventions in order to function, but we’ll never arrive at anything like truth. " No doubt I am misunderstand this, but the things we believe to be true may or may not be connected to reality. To say we'll never arrive anything like the truth is IMHO selling ourselves too short; who's to say mankind will not stumble on the truth one way or another, and I'm not sure that in some subjects like religion, one person's truth is not another's. It could be that the concept of one real truth is all there is for everybody is a gross assumption. And I'm not even sure that what was real truth yesterday will be the real truth tomorrow, I wouldn't say we know everything there is to know about reality just yet. But to assert that we'll never get there is a little too pessimistic for me, it could take a long time, but maybe we'll eventually get there.