On this day, July 16,1854... 24-year old African-American schoolteacher Elizabeth Jennings boarded a bus at Pearl and Chatham on her way to church. Told by the driver to get off, she refused and was removed by the police. She sued the bus company - a first by an African American, an won $500 (the court cut her award to $225). She was thus instrumental in integrating the bus system of New York City- which had the nations largest African-American population at the time, and performed this over a hundred years before the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Rosa Parks (arrested December 1, 1955). She was successfully represented by a smart 21-year old lawyer, Chester Arthur, who would go on to become the 21st president of the United States. Another 'first' for the Big Apple!