WHO IS ELIGIBLE FOR WELFARE. Welfare is government aid that is intended to help people who have little to no income, including the working poor. Aimed primarily at families with children, older individuals and those who are disabled, this aid can include cash assistance, food stamps and Medicaid. In some states, welfare might also take the form of vouchers, credits or grants. To be eligible for welfare in the United States, a person must apply, provide proof of financial need and meet certain federal and state requirements. He or she typically must be a legal citizen or resident, have a Social Security number and be seeking employment, training or education, and meeting certain family obligations might also be required. Who is Eligible for Welfare in the United States? Romney don't have a cllue as many right wing villiage idiots. You just don't walk into a welfare office and automatic get a check in the mail indefinitely. Majority or single mothers.