Try to imagine what would have happened if the eleven states of the Confederacy had been allowed to secede peacefully from the United States in 1861. The South has always been the problem child of the United States. I think what remained of the United States would have been better off without the South. If the United States had been able to peacefully unite with Canada the results would have been even better. In the South slavery impeded the development of industry, and of labor saving agricultural machinery. The vast majority of whites did not own slaves. Those who did not own slaves usually had a lower standard of living than their skills would have earned for them in the North. Negro slavery discouraged the development of a work ethic among Southern whites, because they thought hard work was something slaves did. An additional advantage of letting the Confederacy go peacefully is that the Negroes would have remained slaves. They would not have been able to move to the North and turn downtown areas of Northern cities into crime ridden slums.