There have been two completely different Americas in U.S. history. Let’s examine twelve ways in which they differ. 1. For more than a century after the United States came into existence, there was no income taxation or IRS. People were free to keep everything they earned and decide for themselves what to do with it. Today, income taxation and the IRS are a core feature of American life. The government essentially owns everyone’s income and decides how much people will be permitted to keep, much as a parent permits his children to have an allowance. it's nothing new that we have always been divided but the article points out some distinct differences between the founding and now. 2 through 12 are here.