Here is an interesting take on the conflict: After 61 years, it has become apparent that the Palestinians and Israelis both believe that all of the land of historical Palestine believes to them. The Palestinians belief is evident in the rhetoric and the adherence to their Right of Return. They are backed by most of the Arab societies in that. Even Palestinians advocating the two states solution reiterate that they are conceding 78% of the land that rightfully belongs to them. The Israeli attachment to Erez Israel or Greater Israel is also clear in the inability to let go of the West Bank, which they perceive to be the historic nucleaus of the ancient Jewish Kingdom (Judea and Samaria). Even when the Israelis withdrew from Gaza they spoke about painful concessions: they believed that they are giving up parts of what belongs to them. We all know by now that neither the Palestinians nor the Israelis are going anywhere, most of them at least. Splitting it up into two independent countries was actually neither sides idea. The prospects of this idea to work are no better than they were 72 years ago. So in reality, what we have here is one country with two ethnic groups fighting over how to run it. In a few centuries (should humanity survive that long) the Palestinian-Israeli conflict will be referred to as a civil war! The country is too small to divide it into two. It is still one country after all!