Scientists Have Created A New Species Using Genetic Editing

Discussion in 'Science and Technology' started by abu afak, Aug 8, 2018.

  1. abu afak
    Offline

    abu afak ALLAH SNACKBAR!

    Joined:
    Mar 3, 2006
    Messages:
    2,169
    Thanks Received:
    529
    Trophy Points:
    250
    Ratings:
    +1,570
    Humans (23) have one Less chromosome pair than apes. (24)
    Interestingly, we can see how what happened.
    Two Ape Chromsomes merged, leaving one very large Human Chromo 2.
    (An easily visible part of molecular vestigiality, and another OP/thread I will do)
    In the meantime, an interesting development, and another evidence the amount of Chromos do Not equal the amount of complexity in the species.

    Scientists Have Created A New Species Using Genetic Editing
    Scientists Have Created A New Species Using Genetic Editing

    CRISPR gene editing has just pulled off one of its most impressive feats yet. A team of scientists from China has managed to create a new species: a baker's yeast with just one mega-chromosome. Meanwhile, a group of American researchers has done the same thing using two chromosomes instead of one.

    Why is this so cool? Well, this beer-making microorganism usually has 16 chromosomes.
    All of this genetic information is now squished into a single chromosome. The pioneering research could help explain why we, and other organisms, split our DNA across many different chromosomes. As this freak yeast shows, it doesn’t actually appear to make much difference if the DNA is in one chromosome or 16 chromosomes.

    “That was the biggest shocker – that you can just get away with this and yeast seem to shrug its shoulders,” Jef Boeke, a geneticist at New York University who worked on the US project, told Nature News.
    [.....]
    Yeast is a type of eukaryote, a group that also includes humans, plants, and animals. Weirdly, the number of chromosomes a eukaryote has doesn’t seem to be associated with the amount of genetic information it contains or how “complex” the creature is. A carrot has 18 chromosomes, a kangaroo has 16, a carp has 100, a great White shark has 82, and an atlas blue butterfly has 450.

    The fact that changing the number of chromosomes around doesn’t appear to change the action of the genes in them suggests that the number of chromosomes is simply a random Accident of evolution.
    [.....]
    “Beyond applications, this work sheds light on the wild trajectory of Accidental chromosome Duplications and Fusions across evolution that has left one ant species with a single pair of chromosomes, humans with 23 pairs, and one species of butterfly with 220," said Boeke.

    "We are learning how One Species becomes Two."
    `​
     
    • Thank You! Thank You! x 1
    Last edited: Aug 8, 2018
  2. Confounding
    Offline

    Confounding BANNED

    Joined:
    Jan 31, 2016
    Messages:
    3,960
    Thanks Received:
    831
    Trophy Points:
    265
    Ratings:
    +4,221
    Wait, we're discovering things related to evolution? It's only a scientific theory though, and the Bible tells me complex organisms were just zapped into existence by God. You know, after he commanded the lights to turn on and took a week to make Earth.
     
    • Funny and Agree!! Funny and Agree!! x 1
    Last edited: Aug 8, 2018
  3. abu afak
    Offline

    abu afak ALLAH SNACKBAR!

    Joined:
    Mar 3, 2006
    Messages:
    2,169
    Thanks Received:
    529
    Trophy Points:
    250
    Ratings:
    +1,570
    You see..
    Creationists say that no new species were created except by god/whatever/FSM..
    But they don't know what a Species is!

    This will be astonishing news to 99% of posters, but Gorillas have TWO different species and 6 or 7 subspecies.
    Chimps have 2 Species with 2 subspecies each.

    CreationcYsts don't believe in Species... they believe in "Kinds".
    IOW, anything that looks alike is the same species, even if they don't meet the definition.

    So one can't have even have a conversation with them without their goofy ground rules.
    Ground rules that most of them didn't even knew differed.
    `
     

Share This Page