1) Isacc Newton: Gravity, calculus, and the laws of mechanics. and motion Top dog. Game over. 2) Charles Darwin: No, dinosaurs did not live along side humans, and the earth is not 6000 years old. 3) Galileo: Rennassaince man, the poster child of enlightenment against the Church's ignorance and oppression. For the women: -Marie Curie: If I'm not mistaken, the only scientist in history who won two Nobel prizes in two different scientific fields.