The Historical Origin of Easter http://www.themarcusgarveybbs.com/board/msgs/10408.html by Adib Rashad (RashadM@...) The name "Easter" is merely a slight change from the English spelling of the name of the ancient Assyrian and Babylonian goddess Ishtar. it comes to us from old Teutonic mythology where it is known as Ostern. The Phoenician name of this goddess was Astarte, consort of Baal, the sun God, whose worship is denounced by God in the Bible as the most abominable of all pagan idolatry. Easter is one of those pagan days Paul warned Gentile converts they must not return to observing (Gal. 4:9-10). The Chaldean Origin of Easter Easter, as Alexander Hislop states in his "The Two Babylons," p. 103, "bears its Chaldean origin on its very forehead. Easter is nothing else than Astarte, one of the titles of Beltis, the queen of heaven...." The ancient gods of the pagans had many different names. while this goddess was called Astarte by the Phoenicians, it appears on Assyrian monuments atNineveh as Ishtar(Austen H. Layard, "Nineveh and Babylon, Vol. II, p. 629). In the ancient Chaldean idolatrous sun-worship, as practiced by the Phoenicians, Baal was the sun-God; Astarte, his consort or wife. Furthermore, Astarte is the same as Ishtar, or the English "Easter." Hilsop states the following: "The festival, of which we read in Church history, under the name Easter, in the third or fourth centuries, was quite a different festival from that now observed in the Romansh and Protestant Church, and at that time was not known by any such name as Easter. It was called Pascha, or the Passover, and was very early observed by many professing Christians. That festival agreed originally with the time of the Jewish Passover, when Christ was crucified. That festival was not idolatrous, and it was preceded by Lent" (The Two Babylons, p. 104). Other chapters in the Bible which condemn the worship of Astarte as abominable are (Ezekiel 8:13-18) and hot cross buns, (Jeremiah 7:18-20/44:19)Easter is a pagan festival that changes every year and at times, so does the month. Easter is connected to sun-worship and has absolutely nothing to do with Jesus Christ. The pagans commemorated the alleged Friday death and Sunday resurrection of Nimrod, a pagan savior. On page 46 of "The Council of Nicea," it is stated that the bishops at Nicea so abhorred anything they thought to be Jewish that they "decided that Easter Day should always be on a Sunday, but never at the same time as the feast of the Jews. For instance, if the 14th Nisan fell on a Sundaym, Easter Day was transferred to the following Sunday." Constantine proclaimed, "could we who are Christians possibly keep the same day as those wicked Jews?" On page 38 of "Arian Controversy," by Gwatkin,Easter is exposed in the above mentioned books. So strong was the anti-Jewish feeling that pork or ham--an abomination to theoriginal Jews--was deliberately eaten on Easter to show contempt for anything Jewish. Easter was forced on Christians "by violence and bloodshed" according to the book, "The Two Babylons," page 107. Most major Encyclopedia will inform those who are seeking truth that Easter is a pagan festival, long antedating Christianity. The eggs, and rabbits represent a sexual connection. Furthermore, the history of Rome and Babylon, with regard to the vernal equinox, clearly shows the practice of licentiousness, permissiveness, and orgiastic activities that took place on Easter. Another explanation of Easter comes from Greek mythology and custom. It states that Eastre was a spring female sex goddess who made herself available to all male gods, for their sexual gratification during the spring season. During the early, ancient Roman period, rituals were carried out by women in which they became nude, painted their bodies, and ran and hid themselves, imitating the goddess Eastre. After the women hid themselves, the men looked for them with a pregnant rabbit. When the woman was found, the two would have excessive sex for days or months until the rabbit had its babies. The historical connection or symbol is the egg, which is painted and hidden for the Easter hunt. Another symbol is the sexual playboy bunny, the Easter bunny and the Easter rabbit are one and the same thing. It should be crystal clear why the rabbit is a part of one of America's most popular pornographic magazines, "Playboy." The hunting ritual was the Greeks' concept of new life. The ritual was often by the phallic feast of promiscuous intercourse, and reflected a time of carefree, indiscriminate sexual orgies. Another aspect of Easter that comes out of the role of women is the concept of Estrus, which describes the natural cycle of female mammals. Easter is during the spring season which is a time when light and seasonal changes release certain sex hormones, which take mammals to what is characterized as "heat, sexual excitement and spring fever." The Judeo-Christian History of Easter: The Christian celebration of Easter is linked to the Jewish celebration of the Passover. Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread were observed by the ancient Israelites early in each new year. (The Jewish people followed the Persian/Babylonian calendar and started each year with the Spring Equinox circa March 21). "Equinox" means "equal night," on that date of the year, the night and day are approximately equal. The name "Passover" was derived from the actions of the angel of death as described in the book of Exodus. The angel "passed over" homes of the Jews which were marked with the blood obtained from a ritual animal sacrifice. In conclusion, Passover was the most important feast of the Jewish calendar, celebrated at the first full moon after the vernal equinox. The equinox typically occurs on March 20, 21, 22. All four Gospels of the Christian Scriptures relate that Jesus Christ was executed and buried just before the beginning of Passover on Friday evening. Easter Traditions: The following are primarily from pagan traditions at Easter time: Hot Cross Buns: At the feast of Eostre, the Saxon fertility goddess, and an ox was sacrificed. The ox's horns became a symbol for the feast. The word bun is derived from the Saxon word boun which means the "sacred ox." Later, the symbol of a symmetrical cross was used to decorate the buns; the cross represented the moon, the heavenly body associated with the goddess and its four quarters. Easter Rabbit and Eggs: The symbols of the Norse goddess Ostara were the hare and the egg. Both represented fertility. From these, we have inherited the customs and symbols of the Easter egg and Easter rabbit. Dyed eggs also formed part of the rituals of the Babylonian mystery religions. Eggs were sacred to many ancient civilizations and formed an integral part of religious ceremonies in Egypt and the Orient. Dyed eggs were hung in Egyptian temples, and the egg was regarded as the emblem of regenerative life proceeding from the mouth of the great Egyptian God. Easter lilies: The so-called Easter lily has long been revered by pagans of various lands as a holy symbol associated with reproductive organs. It was considered a phallic symbol. Easter Sunrise Service: This custom can be traced back to the ancient pagan custom of welcoming the sun God at the vernal equinox when daytime is about to exceed the length of the nighttime. It was a time to celebrate the return of life and reproduction to animal and plant life. Moreover, as was stated earlier, worship of the sun God at sunrise may be the religious ritual condemned by God as recorded in Ezekiel 8: 16-18. Easter Candles: These are sometimes lit in churches on the eve of Easter Sunday. Some scholars believe that these can be directly linked to the pagan customs of lighting bonfires at this time of year to welcome the rebirth or resurrection of the sun God. Finally, Easter Sunday can fall on any date from March 22 to April 25. The year-to-year sequence is so complicated that it takes 5.7 million years to repeat. Eastern Orthodox churches sometimes celebrate Easter on the same day as the rest of Christendom. However, if that date does not follow Passover, then the Orthodox churches delay their Easter--sometimes by over a month. *===== Adib Rashad (RashadM@...) is an education consultant, education program director, author, and historian. He has lived and taught in West Africa and South East Asia.