The murder rate in Australia is low because they have 20 million people spread out in a country nearly as large as the Continental United States. They don't have a Trillion dollar illicit drug industry run by gangs, and they don't have inner cities that economically failed combat zones. Australia's inner cities are actually quite nice and gentrified. Australia's largest crime centres are in economically depressed suburbs. The largest city in Australia is Sydney, roughly the population of urban Los Angeles -- not greater Los Angeles, with no drug gang problem. When they had the gun confiscation in 1996, fewer than 800,000 guns out of an estimated 3,000,000 guns were turned in. There are currently three million registered firearms in Australia and between six and nine million unregistered guns (depending on who is counting). That is as many as 12 million firearms in a country of just over 20 million residents. Gun control is not the reason behind that lower incidence of gun crime in Australia.