This is from Jamestown Foundation, specialized on Central Asian issues. The author, himself a Russian, looks into the philosophies of Neo-Euranism and Neo-Ottomanism in both countries and tries to explain similiarities, potential conflicts and cooperation areas between Russia and Turkey. But before i come to Jamestown Foundation, i want to point to a New York Times article from some weeks ago, which has attracted much prominence. The New York Times article titled Waving Goodbye to Hegemony delivers an outlook into the year 2016. The messages are that the world will end existing as we know since 1990 with the fall of the Soviets: Meaning Unipolar World order. And the world will get more multipolar. Besides analyzing World Powers, the article analyzes also the status of regional powers who will cement their power-projection over their pivotal region. This article is really interesting, allthough i do not agree in everything it says relating Turkey. But the author relies also in this article to the term of Neo-Ottomanism, in which Turkey is ever more acting by 2016: In an academic explaining - and here i will quote Jamestown foundation - Neo-Ottomanism means: www.jamestown.org/docs/Jamestown-TorbakovTurkeyRussia.pdf This George Friedman Guy from Stratfor seems to have been reading Mr. Davutoglus books about Turkish foreign policy. What stratfor writes about Turkey is exactly the concept of Neo-Ottomanism without nameing this esepecially. Over at stratfor there are some really good articles giving an outlook of Turkish economic and power expansion into surrounding region. Turkey's brave new world I Turkey's brave new world II Turkey's brave new world III Turkey as a Regional Power Turkey's Re-Emergence The Geopolitics of Turkey to name some (some of them were posted in full text on USmessageboards). Off course, an entitlement without real facts and progress is nothing more then illusion. Turkish GDP trippled within 5 years is one of those facts. Also organizations like PriceWaterhouseCoopers predicting Turkey to grow until 2050 with yearly average of 5,6%. Projections are, that we will finaly break the Trillion Ecenomy barrier by 2013 and by that climb from current 17th biggest economy to 15th biggest leaving the Netherlands and Australia behind us. Other factors of domination over our neighbours are Science and Military. Also industrial Output http://www.deik.org.tr/deik_baskaninin_mesaji_eng.asp http://www2.ifc.org/newsflash/docs/MENA_OA407.doc The Economist in its Foresight 2020 study is now even predicting that Turkey will contribute more to World economic growth then Japan until 2020: University Link http://ref.advancity.net/En/Moduller/Makaleler/MakaleForm.aspx?KodAl=0&mdId=300 The above graphic is from Stratfor. It is entitled "Turkey's World". From a perspective of Turkey's world a graphic which does not include North-Africa and Central Asia is incomplete. Ou navy is in total Mediteranean Sea a force to reckon with. Only rivals are Italy and France in terms of Navy. There is no law, that Turkey will one day join EU. There are so many factors deciding the entry. The last but not least is the will of the Turkish people. Turkish people are against EU entry, and in the end they will decide. If Turkey joins EU, EU will be catapulted into World Power status rather being a paper tiger. But i do not expect Turkey to join EU, rather live independently and power project on its self without obligations by any dipshit bureaucrats in Brussel which will have a say in all security and geo-strategy related. Turkey has especially opened a new initiative in Central Asia. As you should know, all thos -stans in Central Asia have ethnic and linguistic ties with Turkey. Those countries are independent since 1990. Turkey could not reach out to those countries as wished in political terms. You know, all those talk of being "brothers/cousins" and shareing the same language is only cheap talk, when to this talk do not follow economic steps. And Turkey could not offer anything economy related in the 1990s to these countries. Now things changed. Turkey is now one of the biggest investors in Central Asia. Whilst Westeners, Russians and Chinese are in motive of exploiting Central Asia in oil and gas, Turkish companies buy Telecommunication Companies and build noodles fabrics and other things which are of motive to stay beyond the past Oil-era. Turks do not invest much in Energy projects in Central Asia. First because competition is high and Oil-comglomerates like BP have more money then Turkish energy companies. With more economic integration (Oil investments are no economic integration) projects of power expansion are more likely to succeed. We are currently in the process with the Turkic speaking -stans of Central Asia to establish a system like the British Commonwealth. Turkey and the -stans meet every 6 month. On last meeting was agreed to establish a inter-country parliament between Turkey and the -stans headquartered in Istanbul. İstanbul to become new nucleus for Turkic world http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/detaylar.do?load=detay&link=127512 Turkic states move for parliamentary union http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=89447 Ankara takes initiative to form Turkish Union Parliament http://www.todayszaman.com/tz-web/detaylar.do?load=detay&link=127955 Also there will be formed a common News-Channel between all Turkish states, and Yunus Emre cultural centers will be established in Central Asia together with Turkey financed Universities. Also all children in elementary school will have same history books for history class. This is building the next generation of Turks. From laying Optic fiber cables to building new railway systems there is much going on to interconnect Turkey with Azerbaijan and the -stans. Georgia is integral part of this Turkish expansion into Central Asia, so Georgia is literally an ally of Turkey getting for example financed part of its military budget by Turkey, and other assistance. Istanbul Turkish is "high Turkish", meaning literally the cleanest. Azerbaijan already adopted "Istanbul Turkish" as primary language in 1990s. Kazakhstan now also will get rid of Russifiction and return to its roots. Kazakhstan still has a 30% minority of Russians, and all important things from institutions to TV is in Russian language. Kazakhstan is currently reforming its education system and Russian gets replaced by Kazakh Turkish: http://theseoultimes.com/ST/?url=/ST/db/read.php?idx=6270 In Germany language (translated by machine translation) is detailed and interesting information about things going on in these terms in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan: Russians under pressure http://de.babelfish.yahoo.com/trans...tikelID=20080113&lp=de_en&btnTrUrl=Übersetzen So this will boost cultural relations between Kazakhstan and Turkey. What i want to say by these things is, that Turkey is also a "player" in Central Asia. Maybe not direct via things like it is understood by Westeners who have an understanding of a "Great Game" related to oil. http://www.usmessageboard.com/archive/index.php/t-12109.html Agree, although Turkish understanding is not to be a World Power. For this our ressources are not enough. But, Turkey will establish itself as the biggest power in Eastern Mediteranean, Mid-East, Caucasus and Central Asia. So we will gain again rule over areas which we once ruled as Göktürks, Seljuks and Ottomans. And some second-class politician-dipshits in Washington, also here in forum, really thought of Turkey being replaceable by 15 Billion $ GDP North-Iraq Kurds and Turkey just standing still, haveing no options to beat every hand trying to change boarders in our hinterland. Reality is, that there will be no Kurdistan. Not in Mid-East, not anywhere else till Turkey is not hit by an asteroid. Kurds did over-poker whilst Turkey did not played a card, and megalomaniac US policy came down to reality. Turkey had some shit times with USA for some years, but USA had to near itself to Turkish position wants USA its position in this area not negatively affect in the mid to long term. This happened. From a view of power-politics Bush, if he wants or not, must be a friend of Turkey. Being a friend in different subjects, rangeing from Post-USA Iraq to Armenian allegations in US congress. This is power politics, and till USA has interest in things in our pivotal region, we will have a heavy voice on Bush's ear. But it is also a fact, that besides power-politics, there is also the factor of personal relations. And personal relations between Bush-NeoCon clique and Turkish government is not good. In the end, Turkish government did multiply Bush's problem of USA with civil society due to war, and Bush did complicate Turkish governments position in Turkey due to Bush's stance till November 2007 in relation to PKK and Turkish deaths. This era will also some day end in near future, and with President McCain (being a friend of Turkey) everything will be fine again also on personal level. McCain will first seek a wider basis in USA actions in Muslim world. Not in Cowboy mentality like Wolfowitz and Rumfsfeld did in Ankara. Turkey is still the only Muslim nation which USA can cooperate with. Also Turkey is the only nation, where such a cooperation on "same eye-level" has the biggest impact due to Turkish power. Understanding of cooperation from Bush-clique was simply Turkey being an order taker of USA, a dog. Which we are not, and USA finally understood. Also McCain being aware of Russia will try to bring an end to Turkish-Russian proximation, ensuring Neo-Ottomanism is not working with Russian Neo-Euranism in this area to the definitive disadvantage of USA in the mid-to-long term.