Most campaign contributions come from outside candidates' districts

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  1. longknife
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    longknife Diamond Member

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    There is an amazing graphic in this article @ Most campaign contributions come from outside candidates' districts

    And this shouldn’t surprise any of us. The days of election being purely local are long gone. Money to a local house campaign can even come from foreign countries as long as they’re filtered through PACs.

    More than two thirds of individual contributions to 2018 House candidates came from donors outside of the candidates' districts, and Democrats are out-raising Republicans, according to an Axios analysis of Federal Elections Commission data.

    Why it matters: Maybe all politics is national, not local. Americans on both sides of the aisle know that money influences politics. Yet donating to a candidate you can't vote for doesn't always result in a win.

    Just look at Jon Ossoff, who lost the Georgia special election last year despite raising nearly $20 million more than his challenger Karen Handel.

    "You can’t win without money, but you can lose with the most money."

    — Sheila Krumholz, executive director of the Center for Responsive Politics

    By the numbers:

    • Of the total amount of money given to House candidates — $508,578,037 — 73% came from outside the district.

    • And of the total number of contributions — 866,097 — 69% came from outside the district.

    • Most contributions are still coming from within the state — just not from within the district.
    Our other findings:

    Democrats are raising more from outside their districts this cycle than Republicans. "We've seen a massive wave of energy, particularly in civic participation" and donating money to candidates online, said Stephen Spaulding, chief of strategy and external affairs for Common Cause, a nonpartisan government reform group.

    • More than 70% of contributions to Democratic candidates came from outside the candidate's district, compared to about 63% of contributions to Republican candidates.
    Incumbents are better at fundraising outside their districts. About 71% of incumbents' donations come from non-constituents, compared to 65% of challengers.

    House Speaker Paul Ryan is the least local candidate among candidates who received at least 1,000 contributions — even though he's not running for re-election. Of the 10,901 contributions, 99.5% came from outside Wisconsin's 1st district, and 99.9% of the $50,566,233 he raised came from outside his district.

    • But that money doesn't go to his re-election campaign. Part of it goes directly to the National Republican Congressional Committee and another portion goes to his leadership PAC, which both support Republican members and candidates, according to Jeremy Adler, communications director for Team Ryan, the joint fundraising group.

    • The most local candidate award goes to South Dakota's Dusty Johnson. He received just 7% of his contributions from contributors outside his district (which is the entirety of South Dakota).
    The bottom line: Candidates have to build a brand that transcends their district if they want to run a competitive campaign and thwart outside groups' spending against them.

    Our methodology: Individual campaign contributions for 2017-18 were downloaded from the Federal Elections Commission and filtered to only include contributions to House candidates. They were geocoded using a combination of ZIP Code Tabulation Area coordinates from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2017 Gazetteer Files, a lookup table from UDSMapper, and OpenStreetMap's geocoding API, Nominatim.

    About 0.2% of the contributions could not be geocoded because they lacked valid location information and were removed from the analysis.

    12 races getting a boost from Trump's allies @ 12 races getting a boost from Trump's allies

    https://graphics.axios.com/2018-08-23-trump-pacs/images/2018-08-23-trump-pacs-mobile-large.png
     
  2. jwoodie
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    jwoodie Gold Member Supporting Member

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    This is why we need to repeal the 17th Amendment. The Senate is supposed to represent individual state interests, not national campaign donors.
     
    • Winner Winner x 1

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