MacArthur should have been court-martialed twice. In fairness FDR may have pulled one of his famous political tricks when he called MacArthur out of retirement to become the commanding general of the area most likely to be attacked by the Japanese. Mac paid his dues as a hard charging officer in WW1 and rising in the ranks to become Chief of Staff and retiring honorably prior to WW2. Maybe he misunderstood the responsibility he had as commander of Philippine forces or maybe he was conned into thinking he was some sort of political envoy. He lived in a penthouse with his family in Manila and hobnobbed with the political elite. The legend gets muddy on Dec 8, 1941 the day after Pearl Harbor was attacked. Indications are that MacArthur was frozen with indicision and allowed his entire air force to be destroyed on the ground while parked wing to wing. Mac blamed subordinates for the disaster. The general who became known as "dugout Doug" by combat Troops was awarded the Medal of Honor in perhaps the shortest citation in the book. Some blather about "raising and training the Philippine army" was inserted into the citation to pad it and the crux of the "valor" part was the General allegedly shaking his fist at attacking Zeroes on Corrigador. Just before Mac was evacuated he instructed his subordinate General John "skinny" Wainwright to "fight to the death. Big words for a general who (was ordered to) abandon his troops to certain death. I'll save Korea for later.