Obama, Dec. 2008: "We've got shovel-ready projects all across the country. And governors and mayors are pleading to fund it. The minute we can get those investments to the state level, jobs are going to be created." Obama, Dec. 2009: "The term 'shovel-ready' - let's be honest, it doesn't always live up to its billing." Obama, June 13, 2011: "Shovel-ready was not as shovel-ready as we expected."