Members of the National Socialist Movement, one of the largest neo-Nazi groups in the US, hold a swastika burning after a rally in Draketown, Georgia on April 21, 2018.Spencer Platt / Getty Images file Judaism is not a race. But Jewish people can be targeted for racism. A timely new court ruling is a reminder that human racial difference are based in prejudice, not fact. by Noah Berlatsky / Aug.02.2018 / 8:46 AM ET Judaism is not a race. But Jewish people can be targeted for racism. That may seem like a contradiction. But a recent ruling by U.S. Magistrate Mark Hornsby of Louisiana updated anti-discrimination laws in the state. In doing so, Hornsby has potentially helped to clarify the distinction between race and racism at a time when white supremacy is expanding its reach — and finding new groups to single out for hate. .