Supposedly, the one clear benefit of modernity is improved health. But affluence (and the poor diet and sedentary lifestyle that goes with affluence) and pollution can lead to major health problems, as can the emptiness often found in modern existence. Here are some diseases associated with affluence: type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral vascular disease, obesity, certain forms of cancer, asthma, alcoholism, gout, allergies and depression, as well as a major range of other psychiatric illnesses. LINK Other problems: Are We Killing Ourselves with Cleanliness? As Number of Allergy Sufferers Soar, Potential Cures Are More Radical Eight Deadly Superbugs Lurking in Hospitals Communicable diseases can spread much faster thanks to modern transportation. Is medical science built on shaky foundations? Are Hospitals Less Safe Than We Think? One final problem: Some modern societies seem to be committing suicide. Co-Creator of the Pill Laments Resulting Demographic "Horror Scenario" Is it too much to say that modern medicine destroys populations over which it rules?