http://www.eurojournals.com/ejsr_26_2_04.pdf Electromagnetic and Gravitational Field John L. OSullivan Independent Researcher, Connecticut, USA E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract This report will show why photons have duality as a wave and as a particle and will show the origin of atoms and cause of gravity and offer a solution in graphic form that otherwise has remained a mystery. The theory is based on scientific deduction and deemed valid conceptually as outlined in the illustrations giving an understanding of pi and infinite as it relates to mass in the electromagnetic and gravitational field. This report is not for easy reading unless it is printed out in black and white or color. It is then suggested that the paper be read at least three times over in order to better understand the concepts depicted. Keywords: Gravity, General Relativity, Photons, Time, Matter. I don't know... It seems to depend on what previously set laws can be broken/disproven for independence to be proven/established. What does the board think?