India: Democracy Soaked In Blood Of Her Own People – OpEd

Discussion in 'Asia' started by Jinx, Jul 16, 2012.

  1. Jinx

    Jinx Rookie

    Jun 27, 2011
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    By: Khan A. Sufyan
    July 12, 2012

    We arrived in Darzo (Mizoram, India) about ten in the morning. My orders were to get the villagers to collect whatever moveable property they could, and set their own village on fire at seven in the evening.

    Night fell, I lit a torch myself and set fire to one of the houses. I knew I was carrying out orders, and would hate to do such a thing if I had my way. My soldiers also started torching other buildings, and the whole place was soon ablaze. Women were wailing and shouting and cursing. Children were frightened and cried. But the grown men were silent; not a whimper or a whisper from them. When it was time for the world to sleep, we marched out of Darzo .

    We walked fifteen miles and the morning saw us in Hnahthial. I hated myself that night. I had done the job of an executioner. I called the Darzo Village Council President and his village elders and ordered them to sign a document saying that they had voluntarily asked to be resettled under the protection of the Security Forces as they were being harassed by the insurgents and that no force or coercion was used by the Security Forces.

    They refused to sign. So I called them in one man at a time. On my table was a loaded revolver, and in the corner stood two NCOs with loaded sten-guns. This frightened them, and one by one they signed the documents.

    (Lalkhama 2006. A Mizo Civil Servant’s Random Reflections. Ghazaibad:
    Express Print House, pp.177-180)​

    In September 2011, state assembly of Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) debated a report which uncovered presence of more than 2,000 unmarked mass graves not far from the Line of Control that divides Pakistan from IOK. The report, by Indian government appointed State Human Rights Commission, also issued its first official acknowledgment of the presence of these mass graves.

    Such incidents have not only been reported from IOK but many other parts of India. The atrocities committed to counter many ongoing insurgencies in the name of democratic Union of India are wide-spread, horrendous and shameful, yet only a handful of the perpetrators has ever been brought to justice.

    India has been able to bring some of these insurgencies under a measure of control. Yet the wanton atrocities committed by Indian security forces and the coercive manipulation of democratic process probably has been some of the major causes why India houses one of the largest number of freedom movements and secessionist groups, insurgencies and extremist groups and in any one country in the world. Currently, there are around 140 such known groups operating in 28 Indian States and 7 Union Territories.

    There are parts of India where diverse set of freedom movement groups run their own independent governments, collect taxes, maintain functional bureaucratic institutions, judiciary and maintain well organized regular and trained armies. On 30 June 2012, the Army of Government of People’s Republic of Nagaland held an openly announced passing out parade of a batch of officers at their military base Khehoi, merely 40 kilometers from Rangapahar, Dimapur. Rangapahar is the Headquarters of Indian Army 3 Corps and is a big cantonment also housing large Para-military force nearby. Yet the Indian Army and other security apparatus did not have the courage to establish the writ of Indian government.

    Over 120 Indian Army battalions and over 250 para-military battalions are deployed in Occupied Kashmir. Close to 70 Indian Army battalions and over 220 para-military battalions are deployed in North East of India. Over 80 para-military battalions are also deployed in the rest of India to combat insurgencies. These forces have committed massive human rights violations. They are protected under the law, particularly the Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) for protection of Indian Army, giving it blanket cover for killing or torturing anyone.

    Does anybody in the so-called civilized world know that a lady known by the name of Irom Sharmila Chanu, also known as the Iron Lady of Manipur, has been on hunger strike for the past 12 years and is being force-fed. She went on a hunger strike on 4 November 2000 in an effort to have the Government of India withdraw AFSPA from Manipur and other parts of India.

    India has always blamed her neighbors, mainly Pakistan for presence of such a large number of secessionist groups. However, according to Indian media sources only 32 such groups operate in IOK, presence of which is conveniently blamed on Pakistan. Large majority of the IOK populace however blame oppression of Indian Security Forces in the killings of over 100,000 Kashmiri people. Bulk of the remaining groups around 72 in number operate in the North East of India, while the remaining are spread over the rest of Indian territory. Overall, around 30-40 percent of Indian territory has been inflicted by freedom movements and insurgencies due to un-equal treatment meted out to the local populace and atrocities committed by Indian Security Forces, who are protected by law through manipulation of democratic institutions.

    In addition to this, Naxalite movement alone has spread to over 40 percent of India and is fast getting out of hand. These are poor people who have risen up in arms against a manipulative democratic dispensation in which the rich are getting richer and the poor getting poorer without any future. Even with oppressive application of large number of security forces, India is clearly losing her writ on almost 50 percent of its territory.
    The neo-colonial attitude followed by Indian political elite has further exacerbated the dichotomies present in the democratic and political dispensation meted out to the population at large. Their indifferent internal economic policies sustained through oppressive application of security strategies kept hidden from the world at large through adroit media handling in order to achieve some unattainable foreign policy precepts may lead to undesirable consequences. The blind followers of Indianized Kingdom or Indianization through attempted assimilation of neo-colonial cultural fail to understand that US achieved the objectives of its state-hood as a result of a civil war in 1860s.

    India apparently is fast approaching this red line, where these freedom movements and insurgencies may result in internecine civil wars in different parts of India. In their ambition to undo the 1947 partition of India, the Indian neo-colonial dispensators may further fuel the disintegration of India through a democracy soaked in blood of her own people.

    Link: Eurasia Review
  2. Jinx

    Jinx Rookie

    Jun 27, 2011
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    Why is such a thing happening in India. It is the world's biggest democracy. However, being a democratic country, big or small, is certainly not the mantra of solving the problems of good governance. After all US and Canada are big and democratic. They have multi-religious, multi-ethnic and multi-cultural societies. Yet such problems do not exist in these countries.

    The example of Quebec in Canada is in front of us. French speaking populace in Quebec want an independent Quebec. They have a civilized way to deal with it. They held referendum and those who wanted freedom lost the vote. This is democracy at its best. Why don’t we hear of an armed freedom movement in Canada. Do we see the Canadian security forces brutalizing those who seek freedom. NO. This is what civilized countries do.

    Chinese brutalize the Tibetans. In Pakistan the security forces carryout human rights violations. It happens in other parts of the world as well. Why can’t the solutions be discussed to such problems. By posting this OpEd, I didn’t take a swipe at India. I just thought that highlighting such an issue may help us to reach some conclusions which may be helpful for the people of these countries where such oppression takes place.
  3. Jinx

    Jinx Rookie

    Jun 27, 2011
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    Saw this in another forum:

    I have taken this list of such groups operating in India from a reputable India web site on terrorism, “The South Asia Terrorism Portal”, a project conceived, executed and maintained by the “Institute for Conflict Management”, an autonomous, non-governmental, non-profit society set up in 1997, based in New Delhi, India.

    Even I was surprised when I saw this. Haven’t seen anything of the sort in Pakistani media.


    India - Terrorist, insurgent and extremist groups

    1. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA)
    2. National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB)
    3. United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS)
    4. Kamtapur Liberation Organisation (KLO)
    5. Bodo Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF)
    6. Dima Halim Daogah (DHD)
    7. Karbi National Volunteers (KNV)
    8. Rabha National Security Force (RNSF)
    9. Koch-Rajbongshi Liberation Organisation (KRLO)
    10. Hmar People's Convention- Democracy (HPC-D)
    11. Karbi People's Front (KPF)
    12. Tiwa National Revolutionary Force (TNRF)
    13. Bircha Commando Force (BCF)
    14. Bengali Tiger Force (BTF)
    15. Adivasi Security Force (ASF)
    16. All Assam Adivasi Suraksha Samiti (AAASS)
    17. Gorkha Tiger Force (GTF)
    18. Barak Valley Youth Liberation Front (BVYLF)
    19. Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA)
    20. United Liberation Front of Barak Valley
    21. Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam (MULFA)
    22. Muslim Security Council of Assam (MSCA)
    23. United Liberation Militia of Assam (ULMA)
    24. Islamic Liberation Army of Assam (ILAA)
    25. Muslim Volunteer Force (MVF)
    26. Muslim Liberation Army (MLA)
    27. Muslim Security Force (MSF)
    28. Islamic Sevak Sangh (ISS)
    29. Islamic United Reformation Protest of India (IURPI)
    30. United Muslim Liberation Front of Assam (UMLFA)
    31. Revolutionary Muslim Commandos (RMC)
    32. Muslim Tiger Force (MTF)
    33. People’s United Liberation Front (PULF)
    34. Adam Sena (AS)
    35. Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
    36. Harkat-ul-Jehad

    Jammu & Kashmir
    1. Lashkar-e-Omar (LeO)
    2. Hizb ul Mujahideen (HM)
    3. Harka ul Nisar (HuA, presently known as Harkat ul Mujahideen)
    4. Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT)
    5. Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)
    6. Harkat-ul Mujahedeen (HuM, previously known as Harkat-ul- Ansar)
    7. Al Badr
    8. Jamait-ul-Mujahideen (JuM)
    9. Lashkar-e-Jabbar (LeJ)
    10. Harkat-ul-Jehad-i-Islami
    11. Al Barq
    12. Tehrik-ul-Mujahideen
    13. Al Jehad
    14. Jammu & Kashir National Liberation Army
    15. People’s League
    16. Muslim Janbaz Force
    17. Kashmir Jehad Force
    18. Al Jehad Force (combines Muslim Janbaz Force and Kashmir Jehad Force)
    19. Al Umar Mujahideen
    20. Mahaz-e-Azadi
    21. Islami Jamaat-e-Tulba
    22. Jammu & Kashmir Students Liberation Front
    23. Ikhwan-ul-Mujahideen
    24. Islamic Students League
    25. Tehrik-e-Hurriat-e-Kashmir
    26. Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqar Jafaria
    27. Al Mustafa Liberation Fighters
    28. Tehrik-e-Jehad-e-Islami
    29. Muslim Mujahideen
    30. Al Mujahid Force
    31. Tehrik-e-Jehad
    32. Islami Inquilabi Mahaz
    Other Secessionist Groups
    1. Mutahida Jehad Council (MJC) -- A coordination body of terrorist outfits active in Jammu and Kashmir
    2. Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF)-- The dominant faction of this outfit declared a ceasefire in 1994 which still holds and the outfit restricts itself to a political struggle.
    3. All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) -- an alliance of 26 diverse political and socio-religious outfits amalgamated to provide a political face for the movement in the State.
    4. Dukhtaran-e-Millat (DeM) -- an outfit run by women which uses community pressure to further the social norms dictated by Islamic fundamental groups.

    1. United National Liberation Front (UNLF)
    2. People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
    3. People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
    The above mentioned three groups now operate from a unified platform, the Manipur People’s Liberation Front (MPLF)
    4. Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)
    5. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL)
    6. Manipur Liberation Tiger Army (MLTA)
    7. Iripak Kanba Lup (IKL)
    8. People’s Republican Army (PRA)
    9. Kangleipak Kanba Kanglup (KKK)
    10. Kangleipak Liberation Organisation (KLO)
    11. Revolutionary Joint Committee (RJC)
    12. National Socialist Council of Nagaland -- Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM)
    13. People’s United Liberation Front (PULF)
    14. North East Minority Front (NEMF)
    15. Islamic National Front (INF)
    16. Islamic Revolutionary Front (IRF)
    17. United Islamic Liberation Army (UILA)
    18. United Islamic Revolutionary Army (UIRA) 19. Kuki National Front (KNF)
    20. Kuki National Army (KNA)
    21. Kuki Revolutionary Army (KRA)
    22. Kuki National Organisation (KNO)
    23. Kuki Independent Army (KIA)
    24. Kuki Defence Force (KDF)
    25. Kuki International Force (KIF)
    26. Kuki National Volunteers (KNV)
    27. Kuki Liberation Front (KLF)
    28. Kuki Security Force (KSF)
    29. Kuki Liberation Army (KLA)
    30. Kuki Revolutionary Front (KRF)
    31. United Kuki Liberation Front (UKLF)
    32. Hmar People’s Convention (HPC)
    33. Hmar People's Convention- Democracy (HPC-D)
    34. Hmar Revolutionary Front (HRF)
    35. Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA)
    36. Zomi Revolutionary Volunteers (ZRV)
    37. Indigenous People's Revolutionary Alliance(IRPA)
    38. Kom Rem People's Convention (KRPC)
    39. Chin Kuki Revolutionary Front (CKRF)

    1. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)
    2. Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC)
    3. People’s Liberation Front of Meghalaya (PLF-M)
    4. Hajong United Liberation Army (HULA)

    1. National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah) – NSCN(IM)
    2. National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) – NSCN (K)
    3. Naga National Council (Adino) – NNC (Adino)

    Punjab (Though one Indian government Home Ministry Report said 50 groups in Punjab)
    1. Babbar Khalsa International (BKI)
    2. Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF)
    3. International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)
    4. Khalistan Commando Force (KCF)
    5. All-India Sikh Students Federation (AISSF)
    6. Bhindrawala Tigers Force of Khalistan (BTFK)
    7. Khalistan Liberation Army (KLA)
    8. Khalistan Liberation Front (KLF)
    9. Khalistan Armed Force (KAF)
    10. Dashmesh Regiment
    11. Khalistan Liberation Organisation (KLO)
    12. Khalistan National Army (KNA)

    1. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT)
    2. All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)
    3. Tripura Liberation Organisation Front (TLOF)
    4. United Bengali Liberation Front (UBLF)
    5. Tripura Tribal Volunteer Force (TTVF)
    6. Tripura Armed Tribal Commando Force (TATCF)
    7. Tripura Tribal Democratic Force (TTDF)
    8. Tripura Tribal Youth Force (TTYF)
    9. Tripura Liberation Force (TLF)
    10. Tripura Defence Force (TDF)
    11. All Tripura Volunteer Force (ATVF)
    12. Tribal Commando Force (TCF)
    13. Tripura Tribal Youth Force (TTYF)
    14. All Tripura Bharat Suraksha Force (ATBSF)
    15. Tripura Tribal Action Committee Force (TTACF)
    16. Socialist Democratic Front of Tripura (SDFT)
    17. All Tripura National Force (ATNF)
    18. Tripura Tribal Sengkrak Force (TTSF)
    19. Tiger Commando Force (TCF)
    20. Tripura Mukti Police (TMP)
    21. Tripura Rajya Raksha Bahini (TRRB)
    22. Tripura State Volunteers (TSV)
    23. Tripura National Democratic Tribal Force (TNDTF)
    24. National Militia of Tripura (NMT)
    25. All Tripura Bengali Regiment (ATBR)
    26. Bangla Mukti Sena (BMS)
    27. All Tripura Liberation Organisation (ATLO)
    28. Tripura National Army (TNA)
    29. Tripura State Volunteers (TSV)
    30. Borok National Council of Tripura (BNCT)

    1. Bru National Liberation Front
    2. Hmar People's Convention- Democracy (HPC-D)

    Arunachal Pradesh
    1. Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF)
    Left-wing groups
    1. Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist)
    2. People's War Group
    3. Maoist Communist Centre
    4. People's Guerrilla Army
    5. Communist Party of India-Marxist Leninist-Janashakti(CPI-ML-Janashakti)
    6. Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC)

    Other Groups
    1. Tamil National Retrieval Troops (TNRT)
    2. Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj (ABNES)
    3. Tamil Nadu Liberation Army (TNLA)
    4. Deendar Ajnuman
    5. Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI)
    6. Asif Reza Commando Force
    7. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)
    8. Kamatapur Liberation Organisation (KLO)
    9. Ranvir Sena
  4. Jinx

    Jinx Rookie

    Jun 27, 2011
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    Spread of these groups in different parts of India.

    Attached Files:

  5. johngray123

    johngray123 Rookie

    May 16, 2012
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    We can find this all thing in Indian and the other thing is that we can find corruption in Indian

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