To understand the question you have to understand what happened when folks used to show up at the hospital with a serious problem and without money since 1960. They got treated and someone else paid. If they could do ANY level or paperwork they can even get chemotherapy essentially paid for by you and me. Heck, if they were honestly special and could not do any paperwork the socialist Country of Eisenhower and all the Presidents since still treated them. So, lets say we had an honest capitalistic system where if folks showed up at the hospital with a gunshot wound, heart attack or cancer and no insurance or assets they were shown the door. How do we calculate the effect? Certainly there would be the half dead on the street corners instead of in nursing homes paid for by you and me, but how many? How many would be dragging their families down the tubes trying to care for them? Life expectancy would be shorter but how much? Any links or good reading? Any good examples in the world of an industrialized nation with healthcare technology equal to us in the 60's or newer and a true capitalist system? Russia perhaps? What happens there if I had a gall bladder problem and no insurance?