October 27 1. 1858 Theodore Roosevelt born, 26th President, 1901-1909, the only President ever born in NYC. 2. He carried on McKinley’s efforts to make the US a world power. He was the first American to win a Nobel Prize (mediating the Russo-Japanese War). As President, he announced the expansion of the concept of the Monroe Doctrine that became known as the Roosevelt Corollary: “…in the Western Hemisphere the adherence to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States…to the exercise of an international police power.” 3. On July 1, 1898 he led the Rough Riders in a charge up San Juan Hill, making his political career. 4. As President, he forced the Congress to give the people a “Square Deal” by curbing the power of Wall Street barons: he used the Sherman Anti-Trust Act successfully against J.P.Morgan (3/14/1904). 5. Booker T. Washington joined President Theodore Roosevelt at the White House for dinner on 16 October 1901, causing great consternation in the South. 6. Roosevelt always regarded the building of the Panama Canal as his most important contribution as president (see Nov. 3) 7. “Teddy Roosevelt, in his “New Nationalism” speech” ... maintains that every man holds his property subject to the general right of the community to regulate its use to whatever degree the public welfare may require it.” New Nationalism Speech by Theodore Roosevelt 8. . More from the same speech, 'The New Nationalism,' 1910: “We grudge no man a fortune in civil life if it is honorably obtained and well used. It is not even enough that it should have been gained without doing damage to the community. We should permit it to be gained only so long as the gaining represents benefit to the community. 9. . The rights which [an individual] possesses are...conferred upon him, not by his Creator, but rather by the society to which he belongs. What they are is to be determined by the legislative authority in view of the needs of that society. Social expediency, rather than natural right, is thus to determine the sphere of individual freedom of action.” The Claremont Institute - Leaving the Constitution Still thinks Teddy belongs on the Rock? How about this? 10.. Teddy Roosevelt gave a speech, “Who is a Progressive,” in 1912. This, from the speech: “…stand for the forward movement, the men who stand for the uplift and betterment of mankind,… We of to-day who stand for the Progressive movement here in the United States are not wedded to any particular kind of machinery, save solely as means to the end desired.” Who is a Progressive? by Theodore Roosevelt 11. . And his view of the Constitution: ‘Well known is TR's outburst, when told the Constitution did not permit the confiscation of private property: "To hell with the Constitution when the people want coal!" Less well known is that at one point TR summoned General John M. Schofield, instructing him: "I bid you pay no heed to any other authority, no heed to a writ from a judge, or anything else except my commands."’ 33 Questions About American History You're Not Supposed to Ask. By Thomas E. Woods, Jr. (p. 139) see The Mises Review: 33 Questions About American History You're Not Supposed to Ask by Thomas E. Woods, Jr. He died January 6, 1919.