In fact, growth of slums and slum dwellers has given rise to a number of serious problems. Poverty is one of the patent forces that maintains the vicious circle and makes it so difficult for the people to break out. Most of the people living below the poverty line are daily wage earning laborers. All the earnings are spent on food, alcohol consumption, gambling and other medical expenses which has resulted in their low economic and social status. Thus, a Home in Kerala adjacent to the notorious slums is not considered safe by the elites in all the districts. Slums are generally educationally backward areas, the result is that more and more number of illiterates and ignorant people are being added to the society every year. They continue to remain in the same status for many generations and remain as it is. Crime is one of the important features of a slum. It is a major cause for the deterioration of the cultural environment of the city. With the increase in population crime rates are also increasing considerably. Murders, kidnapping, dacoity, robbery, house breaking, cheating and thefts are the common types of crimes found in the slums. Lack of latrines and proper drains, the lack of a proper garbage disposal system has lead to environmental pollution, which has reached abnormal levels. Literally speaking, there is no proper sewage facility for lakhs of people living in the slums. The area surrounding the slums is full of human excreta which serve as a breeding ground for mosquitoes, flies and bad odor. Most slums are dominated by one room houses. They are the source for the health hazards plaguing the urban areas and have resulted in the outbreak of both acute and chronic diseases. Firewood is the most important energy source for slum dwellers. About 80 percent of the slum dwellers use firewood for cooking purpose, along with kerosene. This has led to the cutting down of various rare tree species in the prominent towns and cities of state. Slums have existed either on the government owned land or on the ruined buildings. Usually, the government owned lands have been under the unauthorized occupation of the slum dwellers. Once they occupy it, no amount of pressure can drive them away. Thus, no vacant space exists, even if it is a beauty spot, that is safe from the invasion of the shelterless people.