Since everyone seems obsessed with healthcare issues related to sex, let's try another one and let the pro and con sides argue their points: The setting is an ER in a small town. A trauma comes in. The patient is in hypovolemic shock and has already gotten a 2 liter bolus of saline in the field but still has a weak pulse and unstable vitals/decreasing blood pressure. The ER has 4 bags of type O blood ready to transfuse when the patient arrives. However, the physician covering the ER that night recently converted to be a Jehovah's Witness and refuses to transfuse the patient because he believes it violates his religious beliefs. The patient expires before another physician can be tracked down. Did he have a right to refuse the transfusion.