Atmospheric CO2: Principal Control Knob Governing Earth Atmospheric CO2: Principal Control Knob Governing Earths Temperature Andrew A. Lacis*, Gavin A. Schmidt, David Rind and Reto A. Ruedy + Author Affiliations NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA. *To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract Ample physical evidence shows that carbon dioxide (CO2) is the single most important climate-relevant greenhouse gas in Earths atmosphere. This is because CO2, like ozone, N2O, CH4, and chlorofluorocarbons, does not condense and precipitate from the atmosphere at current climate temperatures, whereas water vapor can and does. Noncondensing greenhouse gases, which account for 25% of the total terrestrial greenhouse effect, thus serve to provide the stable temperature structure that sustains the current levels of atmospheric water vapor and clouds via feedback processes that account for the remaining 75% of the greenhouse effect. Without the radiative forcing supplied by CO2 and the other noncondensing greenhouse gases, the terrestrial greenhouse would collapse, plunging the global climate into an icebound Earth state.