By these two studies which again confirm that white males and whites in general are *NOT* suffering because of discrimination via affirmative action, they simply want to maintain the status quo dominance that has been in place for hundreds of years, those that make such claims are paranoid whiners: Managing Privilege: The Stable Advantage of White Males in U.S. Private Sector Employment, 1966-2000 Abstract: We examine race and sex trends in access to managerial positions in large private U.S. workplaces from 1966 to 2000. We take an intersectionality approach by asking, how have the labor market experiences of women and ethno-racial minorities fared in comparison to white men in the post-Civil Rights era? We find no decline in white males advantaged access to managerial jobs since 1966, despite some gains by white women and racialized minorities. Our models suggest that if the economy had not changed during this time that white male managerial representation would have actually increased over time. We find that women and racialized minorities get access to management jobs in the low wage service sector, when they can manage women and racialized minorities, when there are many managerial jobs in the workplace, and in larger workplaces. White women manager other women, but not men. Black men, on the other hand, manage other minorities, but not white women or men. Black women tend to manage only minority women. The temporal stability of white male advantage demonstrates just how durable race and sex inequalities are, even in the face of formidable demographic, economic and political change. The Impact of Affirmative Action on the Employment and Earnings of White Males Polls show that a substantial portion or Americans, and white men in particular, are opposed to affirmative action in the form of hiring preferences. Survey research has linked this opposition to the belief that such policies disadvantage white men with respect to employment and promotions. In spite of the widespread prevalence of this belief, there has been little research examining its empirical validity. This paper examines the impact of affirmative action policies on the white male employment and earnings before and after 1972, which marked the implementation of "hard" affirmative action measures (goals and timetables). We find that the white male employment rate did indeed decline after 1972 but that this decline was not sustained. We also find that the employment rate for women and minorities declined as well. Earnings for white men increased steadily until mid 1970s and then leveled off. Time series analysis yields two major findings. First, when controlling for relevant labor force variables, there is no difference in the pre and post 1972 white male employment rate and employment population ratio. Second, white male earnings did decline after the implementation of goals and timetables. Black men and women, however, also experienced a similar decline in earnings. The authors conclude that in the aggregate, the evidence does not support claims of white male disadvantage due to affirmative action. For all the white male whiners on USMB, SMACK, SMACK!! Take that, SMACK! SMACK! Think about it, SMACK! White males have never been at a disadvantage for jobs and positions of power.