Circumcision, Fidelity More Effective HIV Prevention Methods Than Condoms, Abstinence

Discussion in 'Health and Lifestyle' started by -Cp, Apr 27, 2006.

  1. -Cp
    Offline

    -Cp Senior Member

    Joined:
    Sep 23, 2004
    Messages:
    2,911
    Thanks Received:
    360
    Trophy Points:
    48
    Location:
    Earth
    Ratings:
    +363
    Circumcision, Fidelity More Effective HIV Prevention Methods Than Condoms, Abstinence, Researchers Say

    Promoting male circumcision and fidelity to one partner seems to be more effective at curbing the spread of HIV than promoting abstinence and condom use, USAID researcher and technical adviser Daniel Halperin said last week, the Chicago Tribune reports. As Halperin and other researchers analyze 20 years of studies on HIV/AIDS throughout Africa, they have tried to "put aside intuitions, emotions, ideologies and look at the evidence in as coldhearted a way as we can," Halperin said. During a speech at a meeting of the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society in Johannesburg, South Africa, Halperin said he and his colleagues discovered that regular sex partners rarely use condoms, and abstinence merely delays HIV infection among young people by one or two years. For example, condom use in Ghana and Senegal seems to have helped in the reduction of the spread of the HIV, which in those countries is particularly prevalent among commercial sex workers and their partners. However, condom use in South Africa and Botswana has had little effect in reducing those countries' HIV epidemics -- which have reached the general population -- because regular sex partners rarely use condoms consistently. In comparison, faithfulness to one partner has worked at reducing HIV prevalence in Uganda and Kenya, according to Halperin. Because a person is more likely to transmit HIV during the first three weeks of contracting the virus, an HIV-positive person who has just one partner during that time is likely to pass the disease to that one person. But if an HIV-positive person in the highly infectious stage has many sexual partners at a time, "the virus spreads like wildfire" as those people in turn have sex with other people, Halperin said. In addition, circumcision has been shown to reduce male-to-female HIV transmission by 60% to 75% (Goering, Chicago Tribune, 4/23). A study published in the November 2005 issue of PLoS Medicine of men living in South Africa finds that male circumcision might reduce the risk of men contracting HIV through sexual intercourse with women by about 60%. Male circumcision might also reduce the risk of HIV transmission from HIV-positive men to their female partners, according to a study of couples in Rakai, Uganda (Kaiser Daily HIV/AIDS Report, 2/9).
    Poverty Reduction, Status Awareness
    In addition, poverty does not appear necessarily to make a person more susceptible to HIV. "[C]ontrary to popular wisdom, as income levels go up in both men and women, we see higher rates of HIV," Halperin said, adding that people who make more money tend to have more sexual partners. Other HIV prevention methods such as encouraging people to know their status and treating secondary sexually transmitted infections also have not proven effective, Halperin said (Chicago Tribune, 4/23).

    "Reprinted with permission from http://www.kaisernetwork.org. You can view the entire Kaiser Daily Health Policy Report, search the archives, or sign up for email delivery at http://www.kaisernetwork.org/dailyreports/healthpolicy. The Kaiser Daily Health Policy Report is published for kaisernetwork.org, a free service of The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation .

    http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=42242&nfid=rssfeeds
     
  2. GotZoom
    Offline

    GotZoom Senior Member

    Joined:
    Apr 20, 2005
    Messages:
    5,719
    Thanks Received:
    366
    Trophy Points:
    48
    Location:
    Cordova, TN
    Ratings:
    +366
    I wonder if Circumcision and Condoms would be more effective than Fidelity and Abstinence.

    Or if Circumcision and Abstinence would be more effective than Fidelity and Condoms.
     
  3. waltky
    Online

    waltky Wise ol' monkey Supporting Member

    Joined:
    Feb 6, 2011
    Messages:
    20,790
    Thanks Received:
    1,789
    Trophy Points:
    215
    Location:
    Okolona, KY
    Ratings:
    +3,863
    Say what??...
    :eusa_shifty:
    U.S. Will Spend $24.5M to Circumcise Men - in Swaziland
    May 14, 2014 – The United States Agency for International Development is planning to spend $24.5 million to circumcise an estimated 150,000 to 200,000 male infants and males aged 10 to 49 in the kingdom of Swaziland by 2018.
     
  4. DGS49
    Offline

    DGS49 Gold Member

    Joined:
    Apr 12, 2012
    Messages:
    3,961
    Thanks Received:
    789
    Trophy Points:
    255
    Location:
    Pittsburgh
    Ratings:
    +2,245
    Brainstorm: If they cut their peckers off entirely, it would stop the spread of AIDS in its tracks.

    Is this insight worth a Nobel Prize?
     
  5. JakeStarkey
    Offline

    JakeStarkey Diamond Member Supporting Member

    Top Poster Of Month

    Joined:
    Aug 10, 2009
    Messages:
    136,864
    Thanks Received:
    12,306
    Trophy Points:
    2,165
    Ratings:
    +32,330
    Circumcision, Fidelity More Effective HIV Prevention Methods Than Condoms, Abstinence

    Probably true but Condoms are still needed, and Abstinence is an individual choice,
     
  6. Snouter
    Offline

    Snouter Can You Smell Me

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2013
    Messages:
    3,317
    Thanks Received:
    581
    Trophy Points:
    185
    Ratings:
    +3,142
    They are still trying to rationalize genital mutilation such as circumcision? It is a sick, barbaric practice, you guessed it, related to retarded middle east religious cults.
     
  7. Goddess_Ashtara
    Offline

    Goddess_Ashtara Gold Member

    Joined:
    Apr 27, 2014
    Messages:
    5,271
    Thanks Received:
    690
    Trophy Points:
    190
    Location:
    Beyond the Stars
    Ratings:
    +1,628
    I've always wanted know what its like to castrate a man :)
     
  8. Snouter
    Offline

    Snouter Can You Smell Me

    Joined:
    Aug 3, 2013
    Messages:
    3,317
    Thanks Received:
    581
    Trophy Points:
    185
    Ratings:
    +3,142
    Marry one! ;)
     
  9. Disir
    Offline

    Disir Gold Member

    Joined:
    Sep 30, 2011
    Messages:
    11,776
    Thanks Received:
    1,680
    Trophy Points:
    255
    Ratings:
    +4,509
    It depends on the location.

    MTCT is a major issue. In some areas, potable water is the necessary ingredient.

    <cite>Inter Press Service </cite>Examines HIV/AIDS Campaigns That Emphasize Understanding of Local HIV Situations - Kaiser Health News
     
  10. DGS49
    Offline

    DGS49 Gold Member

    Joined:
    Apr 12, 2012
    Messages:
    3,961
    Thanks Received:
    789
    Trophy Points:
    255
    Location:
    Pittsburgh
    Ratings:
    +2,245
    Dare I point out the obvious?

    A monogamous couple who do not engage in intravenous drug use have NO CHANCE WHATSOEVER of contracting HIV/AIDS.

    Would anyone like me to calculate that percentage?
     

Share This Page